EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN PERUNTUKAN KAWASAN PERMUKIMAN, INDUSTRI, MANGROVE WILAYAH PESISIR UTARA SURABAYA TAHUN 2010 DAN 2014

ANDINA, AYESA PITRA (2015) EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN PERUNTUKAN KAWASAN PERMUKIMAN, INDUSTRI, MANGROVE WILAYAH PESISIR UTARA SURABAYA TAHUN 2010 DAN 2014. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pesisir menyediakan aksesibilitas yang lebih tinggi bagi kegiatan transportasi dan pelabuhan, serta ruang yang relatif mudah dan murah bagi kegiatan industri pergudangan, dan memiliki konsentrasi penduduk yang padat, sekitar 75% dari total penduduk dunia bermukim di kawasan pesisir. Salah satu wilayah pesisir di Jawa Timur, yaitu pesisir utara Surabaya, mengalami dinamika perubahan cukup cepat. Surabaya sebagai pusat urban yang menunjang kegiatan sosial perekonomian wilayah Gerbangkertasusila dan sebagai pusat pengembangan ekonomi bagian timur Indonesia. Penelitian ini mengkaji mengenai evaluasi kesesuaian lahan untuk permukiman, industri, mangrove berdasarkan kondisi fisik lahan dan tingkat kesesuaian tutupan lahannya pada tahun 2010 dan 2014. Tutupan lahan diperoleh dari hasil klasifikasi digital citra ALOS AVNIR-2 dan Landsat 8. Metode analisis pada penelitian ini antara lain reklasifikasi, overlay, scoring dan pembobotan dengan pairwise comparison, sehingga diperoleh peta kesesuaian lahan dengan berdasarkan basis aturan dari penelitian terdahulu. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah diperoleh luasan tutupan lahan paling besar pada tahun 2010 adalah kelas rawa/tambak dan pada tahun 2014 kelas lahan terbuka. Hasil kesesuaian lahan dengan parameter fisik dari tiga fungsi kawasan diperoleh kelas sangat sesuai hingga sesuai marginal. Pada analisa tingkat kesesuaian eksisting permukiman di pesisir utara Surabaya dengan tipe kesesuaian sangat sesuai (S1) mengalami peningkatan sebesar 69,90 Ha, kelas indutri didominasi kelas cukup sesuai mengalami peningkatan sebesar 72,30 Ha sedangkan kelas mangrove didominasi kelas sangat sesuai dan mengalami pengurangan sebesar 4,91 Ha antara tahun 2010 dengan 2014. ============================================================ Coastal provide a higher accessibility to transport and harbor activities, the space that relatively easy and inexpensive for industrial activity, and that is the most dense concentration of population, approximately 75% of the total world population live in coastal areas. One of the coastal areas in East Java, which is the northern coast of Surabaya, that is experiencing dynamic changes quickly. Surabaya as the center of urban that support social activities as a center of the region's economy Gerbangkertasusila and the economic development of part the eastern Indonesia. This study reviewing the evaluation of the land suitability for residential, industrial, mangrove based on the physical condition of land and the level of land cover suitability in 2010 and 2014. The land cover obtained from the result of classification use the digital image of ALOS AVNIR-2 and Landsat 8. The method of analysis in this study such as reclassification, overlay, scoring and weighting by pairwise comparison with the result that land suitability maps using the rule base of previous research. The results obtained from this study, most large extent of land cover in 2010 class swamp/pond and the class 2014 class of open field. Results of land suitability with the physical parameters of the three functions of a class derived region is very appropriate to marginal suitability. In the analysis of the existing suitability of settlements on the northern coast of Surabaya with extensive types of conformity is suitable (S1) has increased 69,90 Ha. On the suitability of the industry is dominated by quite appropriate of suitability class (S2) increased 72,30 Ha and the mangrove land cover obtained corresponding conditional of suitability class is reduction of 4,91 Ha between 2010 and 2014.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSG 025.069 1 And e
Uncontrolled Keywords: kesesuaian lahan, tutupan lahan, permukiman, industri, mangrove
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G70.212 ArcGIS. Geographic information systems.
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Geomatics Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mrs Anis Wulandari
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2017 05:20
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2017 08:02
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/1332

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