ARAHAN PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN AGROPOLITAN NGAWASONDAT BERDASARKAN KOMODITAS UNGGULAN DI KABUPATEN KEDIRI

SARI, DWI AGUSTINA WANTIKA (2016) ARAHAN PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN AGROPOLITAN NGAWASONDAT BERDASARKAN KOMODITAS UNGGULAN DI KABUPATEN KEDIRI. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kawasan agropolitan Ngawasondat merupakan salah satu kawasan agropolitan di Kabupaten Kediri yang memiliki potensi sumberdaya alam yang baik untuk dikembangkan. Kawasan agropolitan Ngawasondat terdiri dari lima kecamatan, yaitu Kecamatan Ngancar, Wates, Plosoklaten, Ringinrejo, dan Kandat. Terdapat tiga komoditas unggulan yang dikembangkan yaitu nanas, pepaya, dan sapi perah. Namun dikarenakan belum adanya integrasi yang optimal antara kegiatan on farm dengan off farm maka diperlukan suatu upaya untuk dapat meningkatkan produksi dari komoditas unggulan yang menunjang pendapatan dan nilai tambah bagi kawasan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk merumuskan arahan pengembangan kawasan agropolitan Ngawasondat berdasarkan komoditas unggulan di Kabupaten Kediri. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian dilakukan empat tahapan analisis. Pertama, mengidentifikasi komoditas unggulan kawasan agropolitan Ngawasondat di setiap kecamatan dengan metode Location Quotient dan Shift Share. Kedua, menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pengembangan masingmasing komoditas unggulan dengan teknik Delphi. Ketiga, menganalisis permasalahan pada masing-masing komoditas unggulan berdasarkan faktor-faktor pengembangannya dengan teknik Content Analysis. Keempat, perumusan arahan pengembangan kawasan agropolitan Ngawasondat berdasarkan komoditas unggulan yang dilakukan dengan teknik analisis Triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persebaran komoditas unggulan di kawasan agropolitan Ngawasondat yaitu sapi perah menjadi komoditas unggulan di Kecamatan Plosoklaten dan Kecamatan Ngancar, nanas menjadi komoditas unggulan di Kecamatan Ngancar, sedangkan pepaya tidak menjadi komoditas unggulan lagi di kawasan agropolitan Ngawasondat karena penelitian dilakukan ketika pepaya memasuki periode lahan tidur sehingga hasil produksi pepaya pada tahun penelitian menurun. Adapun faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pengembangan masing-masing komoditas unggulan antara lain daya dukung fisik, karakteristik petani/peternak, sarana dan prasarana, aksesibilitas, kelembagaan, keterkaitan kegiatan on farm dengan off farm, teknologi, kebijakan, kepemilikan modal, dan kemitraan. Terdapat permasalahan pada masing-masing komoditas unggulan yang berbeda tergantung dari faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Permasalahan utama pada masing-masing komoditas unggulan adalah adanya pola pikir petani/peternak dalam hal pemasaran dan persepsi keuntungan sehingga produktivitas sulit dipertahankan, selain itu juga terbatasnya akses pasar. Untuk itu, arahan pengembangan yang diberikan lebih kepada peningkatan hasil produksi komoditas yaitu dengan peningkatan kapasitas sumberdaya petani/peternak dan kelembagaan sesuai Good Agricultural Practices (GAP). Selanjutnya untuk arahan pemasaran yang diberikan adalah dengan pembangunan pasar terminal agribisnis di Kecamatan Wates sehingga nilai tambah komoditas tetap berada dalam kawasan agropolitan. ========== Ngawasondat Agropolitan Area is one of the clustered areas in Kediri which is developed due to the overwhelming natural resources so that explorations are still open to the district areas around. The Agropolitan is comprised from five districts, namely Ngancar, Wates, Plosoklaten, Ringinrejo, and Kandat. From these five districts, pineapples, papayas, and dairy cows are the three potential commodities that should be explored to promote the Agropolitan in Kediri; however, less optimum integrity between on and off farm has been identified as the main constraint to optimize the potentials. Therefore, further attempts need to be employed to enhance the production of those potential commodities so that district can significantly increase the revenue. This present study aims at proposing the recommendations for developing Agropolitan areas in Ngawasondat specifically in the way for optimizing the potential commodities in Kediri Regent. There are four stages employed to analyze the data, involving; first, identifying commodities in each district in Ngawasondat Agropolitan areas using Location Quotient and Shift Share method; second, analyzing the factors influencing the development of the commodities of each district using Delphi method; next, analyzing problems encountered in each potential commodities based on the development factors using Content Analysis, finally, formulation of the recommendations for Ngawasondat area based on the potential commodities that are carried out using Triangulation analysis. Results of the present study figure out the distributions of the potential commodities in this agropolitan area. It is found that the distributions are quite varied. Dairy cows are remarkably potential in Plosoklaten and Ngancar districts; pineapples are potentials from Ngancar district. Unlike these two commodities, papayas that should have been highly potential are found no longer plausible. One factor affecting the harvest of papayas is the period of idle land. Unfortunately, the present study is carried out exactly during idle land period; therefore, the study finds less plausible papaya harvest. Some leading factors identified here includes physical carrying capacity, characteristics of farmers and breeder, infra and superstructures, accessibility, institutional, relevancies of the on and off farm activities, technology, policies, capitals, and partnerships. Problems encountered in each commodity are also varied depending on the factors influenced. Yet, the main problem in each potential commodity is the mind-set of the farmers as well as the breeders especially when they have to deal marketing and profits matters. Dealing with marketing, the idea of market access is quite pervasive; consequently, profits are also farreaching. Pertinent to those existing facts, some recommendations are raised as the following: empowering farmers and breeders personal capacities so that meeting Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) in order to enhance the productions of the commodities; in addition, giving marketing a special concern especially through developing agribusiness terminal market in Wates district, and finally, giving the commodities yielded by Agropolitan area an added value.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: kawasan agropolitan, komoditas unggulan, agropolitan area, potentials commodities
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT133 City and Towns. Land use,urban
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT166 City Planning--Environmental aspects
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2017 07:50
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2018 07:03
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/1450

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