Pengembangan Protokol Routing MAODV dengan Memperhitungkan Jarak Euclidean Berdasarkan Posisi, Kecepatan, dan Delay Transmisi pada VANET

Rezkinanda, Nurdiansyah (2017) Pengembangan Protokol Routing MAODV dengan Memperhitungkan Jarak Euclidean Berdasarkan Posisi, Kecepatan, dan Delay Transmisi pada VANET. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

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Abstract

Protokol routing dalam jaringan Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) saat ini masih dikembangkan untuk memperbaiki kinerja transmisi paket data pada jaringan antar kendaraan. Berbagai pendekatan konektivitas antar jaringan kendaraan terus dilakukan karena VANET memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda dengan Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) yaitu dalam hal kecepatan node. Protokol Multicast Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (MAODV) yang termasuk protokol routing reaktif dengan transmisi multicast banyak dilakukan penelitian dan peningkatan dengan berbagai pendekatan. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pengembangan protokol routing MAODV dengan memperhitungkan jarak Euclidean antar node berdasarkan posisi, kecepatan dan delay transmisi. Protokol routing Multicast Adaptif Structured-tree berbasis Reactive Euclidean Node Knowledge (MAS-BRENK) diusulkan untuk memperbaiki mekanisme multicast tree maintenance yaitu proses join dan prune. Perhitungan bobot weighted product digunakan untuk menghitung bobot antar node berdasarkan jarak euclidean, kecepatan dan delay transmisi. Protokol yang diusulkan tersebut diujikan ke dalam skenario jalan perkotaan. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa protokol MAS-BRENK mengalami peningkatan pengiriman paket MACT sebesar 1.3% dan penerimaan paket MACT dengan flag prune sebesar 8.2%. Selain itu penerimaan paket MACT dengan flag join menurun sebesar 1.2%. Hasil akhir yang didapatkan yaitu peningkatan PDR sebanyak 0.2% dan throughput sebanyak 2%, serta penurunan delay 14.3% dari protokol MAODV. ============================================================================================ Routing protocol on Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) was developed to improve the performance of data packet transmission in vehicular network. Various approach of vehicular connectivity continued because VANET has different characteristics with Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) especially in node velocity. Multicast Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (MAODV) Protocol which includes a reactive routing protocol with multicast transmissions done much research and an improve in the variety of approaches. In this study, we improve MAODV routing protocol by calculating euclidean distance between nodes based on position, velocity and transmission delay. We propose Multicast Adaptive Structured-tree Base on Euclidean Node Knowledge (MAS-BRENK) routing protocol to improve multicast tree maintenance mechanism that join and prune process. Weighted calculation of weighted product is used to calculate the weights between nodes based on Euclidean distance of euclidean distance, velocity and transmission delay. The proposed protocol was tested in a scenario of urban roads. The test results showed that the MAS-BRENK protocol MACTs packet delivery increased by 1.3% and the MACTs packet receipt with prune flag by 1.2%. In additions MACT packet reception join flag decreased by 1.2%. The final result is an increase in PDR by 0.2% and throughput by 2%, and the delay decreased 14.3% from MAODV protocol.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: VANET, multicast, MAODV, euclidean distance, weighted product
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5105 Data Transmission Systems
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101 Telecommunication
Divisions: Faculty of Information Technology > Informatics Engineering > (S2) Master Theses
Depositing User: - NURDIANSYAH REZKINANDA
Date Deposited: 04 May 2017 06:56
Last Modified: 04 May 2017 06:56
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/2772

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