Karakterisasi Reservoar Pada Formasi Karbonat Menggunakan Analisa Inversi Simultan Di Lapangan "Maf"

Afianto, M. Afif (2017) Karakterisasi Reservoar Pada Formasi Karbonat Menggunakan Analisa Inversi Simultan Di Lapangan "Maf". Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Dalam dunia interpretasi geofisika, metode inversi masih menjadi metode efektif untuk mengetahui karakterisasi dari reservoar yang diteliti. Dari berbagai macam metode inversi, dikenal salah satunya adalah Inversi Acoustic Impedance (AI), yang telah dikenal dan digunakan untuk karakterisasi reservoar, baik dalam membedakan litologi maupun fluida. Namun, keterbatasan dari inversi AI adalah ketika membedakan litologi maupun fluida pada formasi yang kompleks, yaitu karbonat. Karbonat memiliki karakteristik yang sulit untuk diprediksi dimana sering kali dijumpai memiliki nilai Impedansi dengan ambiguitas tinggi. Inversi Simultan menggunakan data seismik berupa angle yang terbagi kedalam near, mid dan far angle. Kemudian dilakukan inversi secara bersamaan menggunakan data angle gather dan wavelet hasil estimasi dari tiap range angle stack. Hasil yang didapatkan dari inversi ini adalah parameter Impedansi P, Impedansi S, Densitas dan rasio Vp/Vs, yang didapatkan melalui data gelombang P dan gelombang S. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan karakterisasi reservoar dengan menggunakan inversi simultan pada litologi karbonat di Formasi Ngimbang pada sumur AF2 dan AF3. Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini, diketahui bahwa zona target memiliki nilai Impedansi P antara 33208 – 43341 (ft/s)*(gr/cc), Impedansi S antara 16088 – 25790 (ft/s)*(gr/cc), dengan persebarannya berada pada barat laut dari sumur AF2. ================================================================================================================== In the Geophyisics Interpretation field, Inversion Method was still become the effective method in order to determine reservoir characterization of the reservoir that were observed. There were various methods of inversion, one of them was known Acoustic Impedance (AI) Inversion, which used for reservoir characterization, both in distinguishing lithology and fluids. However, there was a limitation of AI Inversion in distinguishing lithology and fluid for the complex formation, such as carbonate. Carbonate had the characteristics that were difficult to predict which were often found to had an ambiguity value of impedance. Simultaneous Inversion, using seismic data in the form of angle, that were divided into near, middle and far angle stack. Then the inversion was performed simultaneously using the angle gather data using two wells, AF1 and AF2, with estimation wavelet from each angle stack range. The Simultaneous Inversion result which were obtained from the P-wave and S-wave were P Impedance, S Impedance, Density and the Vp/Vs ratio. Based on the result that were obtained, the target zone had the value of P Impedance between 33208 – 43341 (ft/s)*(gr/cc), S Impedance 16088 – 25790 (ft/s)*(gr/cc), and the oriented distribution was at North-West direction from Well AF2.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: IMPEDANSI P, IMPEDANSI S, PRE-STACK INVERSION, KARBONAT
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QE Geology
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Architechture > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - MUHAMMAD AFIF AFIANTO
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2017 02:39
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2017 02:39
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/3419

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