Desain Self-Propelled Barge Sebagai Fasilitas Apung Bergerak Pengolah Limbah Bahan Berbahaya Dan Beracun (B3) Di Teluk Jakarta

Alfazer, Rafli (2017) Desain Self-Propelled Barge Sebagai Fasilitas Apung Bergerak Pengolah Limbah Bahan Berbahaya Dan Beracun (B3) Di Teluk Jakarta. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Tingkat pencemaran perairan yang terjadi di Teluk Jakarta oleh limbah bahan berbahaya dan beracun (B3) dikarenakan oleh dampak kepadatan penduduk dan pertumbuhan industri di Provinsi DKI Jakarta telah menyebabkan banyak kerugian dalam sektor ekonomi, kesehatan dan pariwisata. Sedangkan Peraturan Pemerintah no 101 tahun 2014 menjelaskan limbah B3 harus diolah sebelum dibuang. Menurut Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup tahun 2015, limbah B3 memiliki potensi keuntungan dari segi ekonomi sebesar 21.6 triliun untuk jenis limbah oli bekas. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan dan memanfaatkan potensi keuntungan tersebut tersebut dirancanglah sebuah fasilitas pengolahan limbah B3 dalam hal ini limbah oli bekas berbasis Self-Propelled Barge yang akan beroperasi di Teluk Jakarta. Dengan kapal ini semua limbah oli bekas yang terdapat di Provinsi DKI Jakarta dapat diolah, sehingga diharapkan mengurangi tingkat pencemaran lingkungan dan meningkatkan perekonomian, dengan waktu produksi 15 hari. Proses desain Self-Propelled Barge diawali dengan menentukan payload lalu mencari ukuran utama dari Self-Propelled Barge. Setelah didapatkan ukuran utama dan memenuhi persyaratan yang diminta kemudian dilanjutkan dengan pembuatan Rencana Garis, Rencana Umum, dan Pemodelan 3D. Dari proses desain ini didapat ukuran Self-Propelled Barge yang optimal; Lpp = 74.50 m, B =20 m, H = 4.6 m, T= 2.96 m. ==================================================================================== Water pollution level by hazardous and toxic waste (Limbah Bahan Berbahaya dan Beracun, B3) in Jakarta Bay occurred because of the impact from population and industrial growth in DKI Jakarta and caused a lot of potential losses in few sector such as economy, health and tourism. While government regulation no. 101 in 2014 explained that hazardous and toxic waste (B3) must be treated before discharge . Based on Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup in 2015, hazardous and toxic waste (B3) has economic potential profit in the amount of 21.6 trillion rupiah for used oil waste. Furthermore to overcome these problems and take an advantage from the economic potential profit, a vessel designed specifically for hazardous and toxic waste treatment facility by using ship type Self-Propelled Barge which operates in Jakarta Bay. With this vessel, the expected of all used lube oil waste around DKI Jakarta could be processed to reduce environmental pollution level and raise the economy, with estimated production time 15 days. Design process of this Self-Propelled Barge begins from determining the amount of payload, and to get the main dimension. The obtained main dimension as well as to calculate the requirements will be followed by designing Lines Plan, General Arrangement, and 3D Model. The optimum main dimension of Self-Propelled Barge based on the result of design process are; Lpp = 74.50 m, B = 20 m, H = 4.6 m, T = 2.96 m.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: limbah B3, limbah oli bekas, Teluk Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Self-Propelled Barge, hazardous and toxic waste, used lube oil waste, Jakarta Bay
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Naval Architecture > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: RAFLI ALFA RAFLI ALFAZER
Date Deposited: 04 May 2017 03:59
Last Modified: 04 May 2017 03:59
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/3692

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