Analisis Evaluasi Implementasi Kebijakan Tol Laut

Vitasari, Lutfia Nur (2017) Analisis Evaluasi Implementasi Kebijakan Tol Laut. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Untuk mengurangi disparitas harga di wilayah Jawa dengan wilayah timur serta daerahdaerah terisolir lainnya di Indonesia, pemerintah menggagas sebuah ide kebijakan yang dinamakan Tol Laut. Tol Laut merupakan sebuah layanan pelayaran yang murah, rutin, dan terjadwal untuk menjangkau pelabuhan-pelabuhan tertentu dengan alokasi muatan tertentu. Dalam pelaksanaan Tol Laut perlu dilakukan sebuah evaluasi sebagai sebuah bentuk pengukuran parameter tolok ukur keberhasilan. Evaluasi dilakukan dari tinjauan ekonomi, pasar, dan operasional kapal. Penelitian juga mencari alternatif rute untuk rute yang dirasa kurang efektif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dari tinjauan ekonomi, Tol Laut berdampak positif berupa penurunan grafik nilai indeks harga untuk komoditi harga tertentu yaitu minyak goreng sebesar rata-rata 4,652% dan daging sapi rata-rata 4,85%. Dari tinjauan pasar, terdapat dua rute yang bersinggungan dengan rute pelayaran niaga kapal swasta diantaranya Jakarta-Makassar dengan HHI 0,244 dan rute Makassar-Jakarta dengan HHI 0,360. Dari segi operasional kapal, armada kapal Tol Laut dioperasikan dengan rata-rata keseluruhan load factor adalah 0,569. Rata-rata utilitas kapal armada tol laut adalah 2,27%. Rekomendasi kebijakan adalah rute baru menggantikan Trayek-4. Rute tersebut adalah Surabaya-Serui-Wasior-Biak-Nabire-Manowari dengan unit cost sebesar Rp. 6.687,-/TEUs.nm ================================================================================================================== In order to reduce the price disparity in Java with any other area such as eastern Indonesia and any other isolated teritory the governance initiated an idea of public policy which called “Tol Laut”. Tol Laut is a cheap, routine, and scheduled shipping service provided by Indonesian governance which reach some certain port and load any specified goods. Due to implementation of this policy, need to do an evaluation a measurement parameter of success. The evaluation done by the economic, market, and ship operational aspect. This research also recommend for an alternative route fo this policy. The research result shows that from the economic side Tol Laut give a positive impact that is price value index reduction of the particular comodity. The average reduction rate is 4,652% for Cooking Oil and 4,85% for beef comodity. From the market side, there are 2 routes that coinside with any other shipping company. They were Jakarta to Makassar which has HHI 0,244 and Makassar to Jakarta which has HHI 0,360. From the ship operational side, Tol Laut ships were operated with average of load factor value is 0,569. The average of utility of ships is 2,27%. The recommended policy is new route to subtitute the 4th route. That is Surabaya-Serui-Wasior-Biak-Nabire-Manowari with the ammount of unit cost is Rp. 6.687,-/TEUs.nm

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RTPe 623.824 3 Vit a
Uncontrolled Keywords: tol laut, Herfindahl-Hierschman Index, load factor, utilitas kapal.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA645 Structural analysis (Engineering)
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 May 2017 04:35
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2017 08:17
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/41348

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