Desain Konseptual Kapal Logistik Pendukung Bencana Alam Di Daerah Kepulauan: Studi Kasus Kepulauan Kabupaten Nias Selatan

Yuga, I Made Karuna (2016) Desain Konseptual Kapal Logistik Pendukung Bencana Alam Di Daerah Kepulauan: Studi Kasus Kepulauan Kabupaten Nias Selatan. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pulau Nias adalah salah satu pulau yang rawan dan rentan terhadap bencana alam, itu terbukti dengan historis gempa yang dialami pada tanggal 28 Maret 2015 yang berkekuatan 8,7 skala Richter yang menyebabkan korban jiwa yang mencapai 138 orang. Selain rawan gempa, Pulau Nias juga rawan terhadap ancaman tsunami yang diawali gempa dengan skala besar. Kabupaten Nias Selatan memiliki empat pulau besar utama yaitu Pulau Tanah Bala, Tanah Massa, Tello dan Pulau Pini. Bentuknya yang berupa kepulauan serta terpisah dari pulau utama yaitu Nias menjadikan pulau – pulau tersebut rawan terhadap kekurangan logistik bencana yang mendasar seperti peralatan kesehatan / medical kit, makanan dan juga obat – obatan. Tugas Akhir ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan pola operasi distribusi logistik bencana serta menentukan jenis dan ukuran kapal yang paling optimal agar memenuhi jumlah logistik korban terdampak serta waktu distribusi yang sesingkat mungkin. Teori pola operasi yang digunakan dalam Tugas Akhir ini adalah dengan teori multiport calling serta menggunakan metode Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) guna memperoleh rute yang optimal dengan objektif utama adalah minimum waktu. Hasil analisis perhitungan menunjukkan jenis kapal paling sesuai adalah jenis Landing Craft Tank (LCT) dengan ukuran optimal panjang (Lpp) 64,92 meter, lebar (Bm) 14,12 meter, tinggi (H) 4,69 meter serta sarat (T) 3,13 meter. Rute paling optimal adalah Sibolga (Homebase) – Nias Selatan – Pulau Tanahmasa – Pulau Tello – Pulau Pini dan terakhir Pulau Tanah Bala dengan asumsi tidak ada muatan balik. Pola operasi multicalling port divariasikan menjadi dua buah skenario yaitu skenario stand by dan skenario immediate respond per supply point, dimana skenario stand by memperoleh biaya transportasi sebesar Rp. 322 juta dengan subsidi sebesar Rp. 72,9 juta per trip saat load factor 100%. Skenario immediate respond per supply point memperoleh biaya transportasi dan subsidi sebesar Rp. 1 miliar per satu bulan durasi penanganan bencana. =============================================================================== Pulau Nias is one of the most vulnerable and susceptible islands towards natural disaster, this has been proven during previous earthquake recorded on 28 March 2015 at 8.7 Richter scale accounting a number of casualties of 138 persons. Despite its vulnerability, Pulau Nias is also likely to expose threat of tsunami initiated by staggering-scale earthquake. Their archipelago state and are separated from main island (Pulau Nias) addressing those four islands be prone to lacking of essential logistic of disaster such as medical kit, food and medicines as well. This Final Project is aimed to obtaining logistic of disaster distribution pattern and determining ship type and its optimum main dimension for which to fulfilling logistic quantity needed by any casualties as well as truncating distribution time taken. Theories of operation pattern applied within this Final Project were theory of multiport calling and Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) in which ultimately acquired optimum route alongside with minimum duration as its primary objective. Analysis result had shown the most appropriate ship type is Landing Craft Tank (LCT) with its optimum dimension as follow: length (Lpp) of 64.92 meter, breadth (Bm) of 14.12 meter, height (H) of 4.69 meter and draft (T) of 3.17 meter. Optimum route given is Sibolga (homebase) – Nias Selatan – Pulau Tanahmasa – Pulau Tello – Pulau Pini and culminated in Pulau Tanah Bala with assumption of no load returning. Operation pattern of multicalling port was differed into two scenarios: standby scenario and immediate respond per supply point scenario, which first scenario had generated transport cost at Rp 322 million and subsidy accounted as much as Rp 72.9 million per trip upon 100% load factor. Other scenario had yielded transport cost and subsidy in amount of Rp 1 billion per one-month period of disaster mitigation.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPe 623.824 5 Yug d
Uncontrolled Keywords: Desain Konseptual; Logistik; Transportasi Laut; Conseptual Design; Logistic; Sea Transportation
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mrs Anis Wulandari
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 03:03
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2018 02:24
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/41615

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