Analisis Faktor keberlanjutan Sarana Air Minum Program Pamsimas di Kabupaten Kupang Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur

Trijunianto, Onny (2016) Analisis Faktor keberlanjutan Sarana Air Minum Program Pamsimas di Kabupaten Kupang Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Program Penyediaan Air Minum dan Sanitasi Berbasis Masyarakat atau P amsimas merupakan salah satu program untuk meningkatkan akses masyarakat pedesaan terhadap air minum yang layak dan sanitasi yang layak. Beberapa sarana yang telah dibangun program Pamsimas tidak berfungsi sehingga menimbulkan ketidakberlanjutan dari sarana penyedian air minum tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keberlanjutan sarana air minum yang telah dibangun Program Pamsimas. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kabupaten Kupang, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur dengan sampel 60 desa dan jumlah responden 160 orang yang menjadi pelaksana program Pamsimas. Kondisi keberlanjutan desa sampel 9 desa tidak berfungsi, 13 desa berfungsi sebagian dan 38 desa berfungsi baik. Metode survei yang digunakan adalah Purposive Sampling dan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan keberlanjutan sarana air minum digunakan metode Structural Equation Modeling . Model penelitian yang dibangun berdasarkan tahapan program Pamsimas yang terdiri dari persiapan, pelaksanaan, serah terima dan keberlanjutan. Hasil pengolahan data mendapatkan loading factor untuk tahap persiapan terhadap pelaksanaan 0,81, tahap pelaksanaan terhadap serah terima 0,93 dan tahap serah terima terhadap keberlanjutan 0,92. Faktor pendampingan dari fasilitator dan koordinator kabupaten merupakan faktor terbesar yang mempengaruhi tahap pelaksanaan. Peningkatan kapasitas fasilitator dan koordinator kabupaten sebagai pendamping masyarakat akan meningkatkan keberlanjutan. ========== Third Water Supply and Sanitation for Low Income Communities P rogram (Pamsimas – Program Penyediaan Air Minum dan Sanitasi Berbasis Masyarakat ) is one of the programs to improve access to drinking water and sanitation for communities in villages. Some facilities which have been established by PAMSIMAS program are no longer in function and hence this condition prevents the sustainability of the program. This research intends to analyze factors that affect the sustainability of Pamsimas program. This research was conducted in District of Kupang in East Nusa Tenggara Province, with 60 sample villages, comprising 160 respondents who are involved in Pamsimas program. These 60 villages were the targeted villages of Pamsimas program and they have received facilities from the program. Out of 60 villages, 38 villages still have fully-functioning facilities, while 13 have partially- functioning facilites and 9 have non-functioning facilities. The survey technique applied was Purposive Sampling, and to analyze the factors related to the sustainability of the program Structural Equation Modelling was utilized. The research model was based on the stages in Pamsimas program, consisting of preparation, implementation, handover and sustainability. This research found the factor loading of program preparation to program implementation was 0.81, program implementation to program handover 0.93 and program handover to program sustainability 0.92. This research found that the roles of facilitators and district coordinator are the highest factor which affects the program implementation. In addition, the improvement of capacity of facilitators and district coordinators will increase the sustainability.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: pemberdayaan; masyarakat; Pamsimas; keberlanjutan; Structural Equation Modeling; air minum; sanitasi; desa; pemerintah; community; development; Pamsimas; sustainability; Structural Equation Modelling; water supply; sanitation; rural; village; government
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD233 Water consumption
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD259.2 Drinking water. Water quality
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD481 Water distribution systems
Divisions: Magister Management Technology
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 03:43
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 03:43
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/41883

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