Arahan Pengembangan Komoditas Unggulan Sektor Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Di Kabupaten Sampang Melalui Konsep Agribisnis

Aisyandini, Sashira (2016) Arahan Pengembangan Komoditas Unggulan Sektor Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Di Kabupaten Sampang Melalui Konsep Agribisnis. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Subsektor tanaman pangan merupakan subsektor yang paling unggul di Kabupaten Sampang. Subsektor tanaman pangan unggul baik dari segi kontribusi terhadap jumlah PDRB ADHK, penyerapan tenaga kerja dan luas lahan. Namun dengan dominasi tersebut, subsektor tanaman pangan belum mampu meningkatkan perekonomian Kabupaten Sampang secara signifikan. Hal tersebut disebabkan oleh subsektor tanaman pangan yang belum memiliki nilai tambah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk merumuskan arahan pengembangan komoditas unggulan subsektor tanaman pangan di Kabupaten Sampang melalui konsep agribisnis. Untuk mencapai tujuan digunakan metode LQ, SSA dan deskriptif berdasarkan tren jumlah produksi serta pola pergerakan pemasarannya untuk menentukan satu komoditas unggulan, analisis Delphi untuk menentukan faktor – faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan nilai tambah komoditas unggulan, analisis Expertjudgement untuk menentukan jenis kegiatan pascapanen subsistem agribisnis hilir (kegiatan penanganan primer dan sekunder) yang dapat dilakukan di Kabupaten Sampang berdasarkan pakar dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif untuk merumuskan arahan pengembangan komoditas unggulan subsektor tanaman pangan melalui konsep agribisnis di Kabupaten Sampang. Hasil penelitian yang didapat berdasarkan analisis yang dilakukan bahwa komoditas unggulan subsektor tanaman pangan di Kabupaten Sampang yang lebih dapat dikembangkan adalah kedelai. Kegiatan penanganan sekunder yang tepat untuk pengolahan kedelai di Kabupaten Sampang adalah produk tempe, tahu dan susu kedelai. Terdapat 7 faktor (sumberdaya manusia, teknologi, bahan baku, produksi, modal, infrastruktur dan kelembagaan) yang mempengaruhi peningkatan nilai tambah kedelai di Kabupaten Sampang dan yang perlu ditingkatkan adalah kualitas tenaga kerja, penggunaan teknologi, jumlah bahan baku, kualitas produk, ketersediaan modal, sistem pengairan, jalan, pasar dan ketersediaan lembaga. Sehingga arahan pengembangan komoditas kedeleai terdiri atas kegiatan penanganan primer (pascapanen) dan sekunder (pengolahan) berdasarkan faktorfaktor yang mempengaruhi peningkatan nilai tambah komoditas kedelai di Kabupaten Sampang. ============================================================================== Among other sub-sectors, food crops subsector is the most potential one in Sampang District when it is inferred from three points namely Gross Regional Domestic Product at constant prices, employment, and land area. However such potentials fail to significantly increase the economy in Sampang District due to the absence of added value from the products of their food crops. The present study aims at raising recommendations for developing potential commodities on food crops subsector in Sampang District through the concept of agribusiness. The study employs LQ and SSA methods, and uses descriptive method to describe the trends between productions and the flow of the marketing of the products to determine a single dominatly potential commodities. Then, Delphy analysis is applied to determine the factors affecting the added value addressed to the commodities; besides that, Expert Judgement Analysis is carried out to identify kinds of productions from post harvest crops in the sub system of agribussiness (including primary and secondary productions) in Sampang District by considering the results derived from analysis of the experts as well as analysis of descriptive qualitative data; furthermore, recommendations would be drawn to identify the types of suitable productions for potential food crops in Sampang. From the present research, it can be figured out that soybeans are the most potential food crop that can grow and cultivate very well in this district. Some suitable productions can be used to give soybeen an added value. The productions include various food products tempeh, tahu and soybean milk. From the finding, it is further identified that there are 18 factors affecting the increase an added value towards the crops, namely numbers of labors, the quality of labors, wages, technology utilities, amounts of raw materials, quality of raw materials, production capacities, the quality of the products, capitals, drainage system, roads, electricities, processing industries, and markets and relevant institutions. In short, recommendations proposed to deal with food crops in Sampang district should include at leat two inseparable sectors, namely primary productions (conducted at post harvest time) and secondary ones (considered to figure out factors affecting the added value to the crops, soybean, so that potential food crops in Sampang District can really be cultivated as most potential food crop in the district.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPW 711.554 Ais a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Komoditas Unggulan, Subsektor Tanaman Pangan, Agribisnis, Potential Commodities, Food Crop Sub-sector, Agribussiness
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mrs Anis Wulandari
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 06:26
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2018 03:44
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/42244

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