Analisis Sumber Potensi Air Berbasis Sistem Informasi Geografis (Studi Kasus : Wilayah Perbatasan Kabupaten Lumajang dan Kabupaten Probolinggo)

Sri, Aditya Ekaprathama (2017) Analisis Sumber Potensi Air Berbasis Sistem Informasi Geografis (Studi Kasus : Wilayah Perbatasan Kabupaten Lumajang dan Kabupaten Probolinggo). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Ketersediaan air merupakan sumberdaya yang utama bagi kehidupan manusia. Perkembangan Kawasan perbatasan Kabupaten Lumajang dan Kabupaten Probolinggo saat ini telah mengakibatkan perubahan berbagai aspek baik kondisi fisik, lingkungan, ekonomi, sosial, dan budaya. Pertumbuhan daerah juga diikuti dengan peningkatan ekploitasi sumber daya air yang ada. Pemanfaatan air bawah tanah terus mengalami peningkatan seiring dengan berkembangnya kegiatan pertanian, perkebunan, pengolahan ladang serta untuk pemenuhan kebutuhan pemukiman. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan kekeringan pada kawasan tersebut, hal ini dapat diantisipasi salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan yakni dengan klasifikasi zona potensi sumber air berbasis metode Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG). Klasifikasi zona potensi sumber air merupakan hasil berdasarkan overlay peta potensi sumber air dari hasil penentuan nilai dengan metode skoring dari klasifikasi tiap parameter dengan peta potensi mata air dari hasil analisis dari berbagai parameter yang telah ditentukan. Dari hasil pengolahan data peta potensi sumber air terbagi dua yakni peta potensi sumber air tertinggi bulan Desember dan peta potensi sumber air tertinggi bulan Agustus dimana pada potensi tertinggi dimiliki Kecamatan Banyuanyar Kabupaten Probolinggo dengan luas 33.817 km2 saat curah hujan tertinggi dan pada potensi terendah terdapat di Kecamatan Tiris Probolinggo dengan luas 110.193 km2 saat curah hujan terendah. Kemudian daerah yang memiliki potensi mata air hanya terdapat di Kecamatan Tiris dengan jumlah titik potensi mata air sebanyak 5 titik. ================================================================= Water is one of the primary resources for life. The development of border areas between Lumajang District and Probolinggo District now has affected physical, environmental, economic, social and cultural conditions. Regional growth is usually followed by increased water resources exploitation. Utilization of underground water continues to increase along with the development of agricultural activities, plantation, processing of fields and the fulfillment of housing needs. Although this may cause drought, it can be anticipated by classifying potential water sources based on the Geographic Information System (GIS) method. Classification of potential water sources is the result based on overlay of potential water source map from the result of determination of value by scoring method of classification of each parameter with map of potency of springs from result of analysis from various parameters which have been determined. From the results of data processing the potential water source map is divided into two, namely the highest potential water source potential of December and the highest potential water source in August where the highest potential is owned by Banyuanyar Sub-District Probolinggo District with an area of 33,817 km2 during the highest rainfall and the lowest potential is in Tiris Sub-District Probolinggo District with an area of 110,193 km2 during the lowest rainfall. The area that has the potential of the spring is only found in the Sub-District of Tiris with five potential points of water springs.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lumajang, Probolinggo, SIG, Potensi Sumber Air, Potensi Mata Air, GIS, Water Source Potential, Potential of The Springs
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G70.212 ArcGIS. Geographic information systems.
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G70.217 Geospatial data
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Geomatics Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Sri Aditya Ekaprathama
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 03:12
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 06:11
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/42816

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