Penentuan Kriteria Pengembangan Kampung Cerdas Di Kota Surabaya Dalam Mewujudkan Konsep Smart City

Paramasatya, Dewi Anggraeni (2017) Penentuan Kriteria Pengembangan Kampung Cerdas Di Kota Surabaya Dalam Mewujudkan Konsep Smart City. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kota Surabaya merupakan salah satu kota metropolitan di Provinsi Jawa Timur dengan pengembangan kota menuju smart city. Salah satu hal yang mendominasi pengembangan sebuah kota ialah permukiman, dimana Kota Surabaya memiliki luasan lahan permukiman mencapai 16.051,51 Ha atau 49% dari luas wilayah Kota Surabaya berdasarkan RTRW Kota Surabaya Tahun 2014-2034. Dewasa ini, disparitas bermukim sering kali dijumpai akibat salah persepsi mengenai permukiman informal. Dimana kampung bukan merupakan permukiman liar maupun permukiman kumuh, melainkan bentuk permukiman swadaya yang dibangun oleh para penghuninya tanpa mengikuti ketentuan-ketentuan pembangunan bangunan formal dari pemerintah berdasarkan Bappeko (2012). Kampung perkotaan menjadi ciri khas yang dimiliki Kota Surabaya untuk dipertahankan dengan memanfaatkan kondisi pengembangan kota yang cukup pesat menuju smart city. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kriteria pengembangan kampung cerdas di Kota Surabaya dalam mewujudkan konsep smart city. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian ini diperlukan 3 sasaran, yakni identifikasi lokasi penelitian, identifikasi variabel berpengaruh, dan penentuan kriteria pengembangan. Adapun alat analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah Analisis Deskriptif Kualitatif untuk mengeksplorasi potensi terhadap kampung dalam menerapkan konsep cerdas, Analisis Faktor Konfirmatori (CFA) yang digunakan untuk menentukan variabel berpengaruh terhadap kecerdasan kampung, serta Analisis Deskriptif Kualitatif-Triangulasi untuk menentukan kriteria pengembangan kampung cerdas. Dari hasil penelitian ini terdapat 12 kriteria yang seharusnya dimiliki oleh kampung untuk bertahan dan mengadaptasi pengembangan di Kota Surabaya. Adapun 12 kriteria tersebut: terdapat implementasi kegiatan pengelolaan air limbah dan persampahan, terdapat program peningkatan kualitas lingkungan, terdapat infrastruktur yang memadai, terdapat kriteria kenyamanan, masyarakat mampu mengimplementasikan pengunaan teknologi dalam kegiatan sehari-hari, terdapat kriteria pelayanan tepat sasaran, terdapat kegiatan pemberdayaan masyarakat, masyarakat berproses menerima hal baru dalam pengadaptasian, terdapat aktivitas ekonomi berbasis rumah tangga, terdapat kriteria keamanan, terdapat kriteria keterjangkauan jarak terhadap fasilitas umum, dan kualitas hidup masyarakat meningkat dalam keseharian. =========================================================================================== Surabaya is one of the metropolitan city in East Java that has the development of the smart city. One of the things that dominate the development of a city is the settlement, in which Surabaya has its land size for about 16.051,51 Ha or 49% from the region size of the city based on The Spatial Planning of Surabaya in 2014-2034. Nowadays, the disparity of settlement is often encountered due to the misperception of the informal settlements, in which a kampung is not an illegal settlement or a slum area, but a form of a self-build settlement that is built by its citizens without following the provisions of the formal buildings’ construction from the government based on City Development Planning Board, City Government of Surabaya (2012). The urban kampong is considered as the landmark of Surabaya that has to be maintained by maximizing the condition of city development which is quite rapid toward the smart city. This research aims to determine the developing criteria of smart kampung in Surabaya to actualize the smart city concept. To reach the aims, there are 3 states that should conduct. Those 3 states are: identify the Kampung, identify the influential variable, and obtain the criteria development. The analysis tools that are used in this research are the Qualitative Descriptive Analysis to explore the Kampung potential in applying the smart concept, the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) that is used to obtain the influential variable toward the intelligence of the kampong, and the Qualitative-Triangulation Descriptive Analysis to obtain the criteria for developing the smart kampung. The result showed, there are 12 criteria that the kampung should own in surviving and adapting the development of Surabaya. Those 12 criteria are: there is an implementation of wastewater treatment and garbage disposal, there is a program of improving the environmental quality, there is an adequate infrastructure, there are the amenities criteria, the citizens are able to implement the technology used every day, there is an adequate service, there is a community empowerment, the citizens process in accepting new things to adapt, there are the economy-based housewives activities, there are the security criteria, there is the accessibility of public services, and the citizens’ life quality improves every day.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPW 711.4 Par p-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perumahan dan permukiman, Kampung Perkotaan, Smart City, Analisis Faktor Konfirmatori
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT133 City and Towns. Land use,urban
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT166 City Planning--Environmental aspects
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Dewi Anggraeni Paramasatya
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2017 02:54
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 04:35
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/43742

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