In-situ Biodiesel and Sugar Production From Rice Bran Under Subcritical Condition

Zullaikah, Siti and Rahkadima, Yulia Tri (2015) In-situ Biodiesel and Sugar Production From Rice Bran Under Subcritical Condition. In-situ biodiesel and sugar production from rice bran under subcritical condition, 1699 (030030). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1551-7616

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Official URL: http://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4938315

Abstract

An integrated method of producing biodiesel and sugar using subcritical water and methanol has been employed as a potential way to reduce the high cost of single biofuel production from rice bran. The effects of temperature, methanol to water ratio and reaction time on the biodiesel yield and purity, and the concentration of sugar in hydrolysate were investigated systematically. Biodiesel with yield and purity of 65.21%and 73.53%, respectively, was obtained from rice bran with initial free fatty acid (FFA) content of 37.64% under the following conditions: T= 200 oC, P= 4.0 MPa (using CO2 as pressurizing gas), ratio of rice bran/water/methanol of 1/2/6 (g/mL/mL), and 3 h of reaction time. FFAs level was reduced to 10.00% with crude biodiesel recovery of 88.69%. However, the highest biodiesel yield (67.39%) and crude biodiesel recovery (100.00%) were obtained by decreasing the amount of methanol so that the ratio of rice bran/water/methanol became 1/4/4, g/mL/mL. In addition, the highest sugar concentration of 0.98 g/L was obtained at 180 oC and 4.0 MPa with ratio of rice bran/water/methanol of 1/4/4 (g/mL/mL) and reaction time of 3 h. Since no catalyst was employed and the biodiesel and reducing sugar were produced directly from rice bran with high water and FFA contents, the process was simple and environmentally friendly, which would make the production of biofuel more economical and sustainable.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 662.88 Zul i
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; sugars; rice bran; in situ; hydrolysis; subcritical water; subcritical methanol.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP156 Crystallization. Extraction (Chemistry). Fermentation. Distillation. Emulsions.
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Siti Zullaikah
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 03:19
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2017 03:19
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/44271

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