Analisa Kebutuhan Daya Listrik Container Crane Dalam Rangka Elektrifikasi Container Crane Untuk Mengoptimalkan Proses Bongkar Muat Di Terminal Petikemas Surabaya

Asshanti, Fathia Fauziah (2017) Analisa Kebutuhan Daya Listrik Container Crane Dalam Rangka Elektrifikasi Container Crane Untuk Mengoptimalkan Proses Bongkar Muat Di Terminal Petikemas Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Elektrifikasi container crane merupakan proses re-powering container crane dari diesel menjadi listrik. Dalam proses elektrifikasi, diperlukan suatu analisa kebutuhan daya listrik yang diperlukan dalam operasional container crane. Hal ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah besar daya listrik yang disuplai oleh PLN dapat secara optimal digunakan dalam operasional container crane untuk melakukan aktivitas kegiatan bongkar muat. Untuk melakukan analisa kebutuhan daya listrik, diperlukan berbagai data serta perhitungan. Adapun data-data yang diperlukan antara lain spesifikasi container crane serta spesifikasi peralatan-peralatan listrik lainnya, besar suplai daya listrik dari PLN, serta single line diagram dari sistem kelistrikan di pelabuhan. Sedangkan perhitungan-perhitungan yang harus dilakukan antara lain perhitungan besar beban daya listrik pada motor-motor penggerak serta komponen listrik lainnya, perhitungan besar arus nominal dan arus start, pemilihan kabel pengaman dan busbar serta perhitungan wiring diagram junction power. Dari perhitungan yang telah dilakukan, mqka langkah selanjutnya yaitu melakukan simulasi load flow analysis dengan menggunakan software simulasi, sehingga akan diperoleh analisa aliran daya listrik yang akurat dan efektif untuk mengoptimalkan kegiatan bongkar muat petikemas di pelabuhan. Hasil dari penelitian ini, terlihat bahwa elektrifikasi container crane akan memberikan keuntungan baik dari segi teknis maupun ekonomis bagi perusahaan dan bagi kapal, antara lain mempercepat waktu pelayanan bongkar muat petikemas serta mengurangi idle time terutama dalam operasional generator diesel. ================================================================= Container crane electrification is a re-powering process of container cranes from diesel to electricity. In electrification process, it is required an analysis of electrical power consumption that is needed in the operational of container crane. It aims to determine whether the amount of electrical power that is supplied by PLN can be optimally used in the operational of container crane to do loading and unloading activities. To perform the analysis of electrical power consumption, it is required various data and calculations. The required data are container crane specifications and other electrical equipment specifications, the amount of electrical power that is supplied by PLN, also the single line diagram from the electrical system at the port. While, the calculations that is needed to be performed are the calculation of electrical power load in motors and other electrical equipments, the calculation of nominal current and start current, the selection of cable and busbar, and the calculation of wiring diagram junction power. From the calculations that has been done, then the next step is to do the load flow analysis simulation by using software simulation, so an accurate and effective load flow analysis can be obtained to optimize loading and unloading activities at the port. The result of this research, it can be seen that container crane electrification will give advantages in both technical and economical for the company and for the ship, such as accelerate the loading and unloading time of containers and reduce idle time, especially in the operational of diesel generator.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Container Crane, Elektrifikasi, Aliran Daya, Optimalisasi, Electrification, Load Flow, Optimalization
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Fathia Fauziah Asshanti
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2017 03:19
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 07:21
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/44674

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