Kajian Pengelolaan Limbah Elektronik di Unit Pendidikan ITS

Setyanto, Ignatius Chandra (2017) Kajian Pengelolaan Limbah Elektronik di Unit Pendidikan ITS. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Limbah elektronik merupakan limbah bahan berbahaya dan beracun (B3) yang saat ini telah menjadi perhatian utama dunia. Limbah elektronik mengandung substansi berbahaya seperti timbal, merkuri, kadmium dan bahan berbahaya lainnya yang berpotensi untuk mencemari lingkungan apabila tidak dikelola dengan tepat. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) menggunakan berbagai macam barang elektronik untuk mendukung sarana dan prasarana dalam proses belajar mengajar di lingkungan kampus. Barang elektronik digunakan dalam kelas, ruang sidang, laboratorium, bengkel dan fasilitas departemen lainnya. Belum terdapat kajian terkait pengelolaan limbah elektronik di unit pendidikan ITS untuk melihat kondisi pengelolaan limbah elektronik yang telah dilakukan. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan observasi kepada masingmasing unit pendidikan ITS untuk mendapatkan data jenis dan kuantitas limbah elektronik yang disimpan, serta kondisi pengelolaannya. Unit Pendidikan yang menjadi objek penelitian diantaranya: Departemen Teknik Lingkungan, Arsitektur, Teknik Geofisika, Biologi, Sistem Informasi, Teknik Kelautan dan Teknik Elektro. Kondisi eksisting pengelolaan limbah elektronik dibandingkan kesesuaiannya dengan peraturan tentang pengelolaan limbah B3 yang berlaku di Indonesia. Kemudian dilakukan analisis untuk mengetahui faktor yang mempengaruhi pengelolaan limbah elektronik di unit pendidikan ITS. Selanjutnya ditentukan prioritas pengelolaan limbah elektronik dengan menggunakan metode Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Metode AHP menggunakan penilaian dari pihak yang terkait dengan pengelolaan limbah elektronik di unit pendidikan ITS. Penilaian dilakukan pada Key Performance Indicator (KPI) yang terdiri dari aspek teknis serta kelembagaan dalam pengelolaan limbah elektronik. Dari hasil peneilitian, didapatkan data bahwa unit pendidikan ITS yang diteliti menghasilkan berbagai jenis limbah elektronik diantaranya: perangkat IT seperti CPU; keyboard; mouse, laptop, printer; faksimile; dan mesin fotokopi, kemudian alat elektronik rumah tangga berukuran besar seperti lemari pendingin; kipas angin dan AC, alat elektronik untuk pencahayaan serta alat elektronik untuk laboratorium. Jumlah limbah elektronik yang disimpan oleh unit pendidikan ITS yang diteliti mencapai 1289 unit, dengan total berat 16180 kg dan total volume 100,5 m3. Limbah elektronik tersebut telah dikelola namun masih terdapat kekurangan dalam aspek-aspek tertentu. Kekurangan tersebut disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor, diantaranya: keterbatasan kapasitas ruang penyimpanan limbah elektronik, kurangnya pengetahuan SDM pada masing-masing departemen tentang pengelolaan limbah B3 khususnya limbah elektronik, belum adanya kebijakan dari pimpinan ITS tentang pengelolaan limbah elektronik, dan tidak jelasnya mekanisme pemutihan barang milik negara. Melalui metode AHP, didapatkan prioritas utama pengelolaan limbah elektronik di unit pendidikan ITS yang diteliti dalam aspek teknis adalah mengoptimalkan upaya penggunaan barang elektronik agar sesuai dengan prosedur. Sedangkan prioritas pengelolaan dalam aspek kelembagaan adalah memberikan pelatihan pengelolaan limbah B3 kepada tenaga kependidikan. =========================================================================================== Electronic waste is a hazardous waste that becomes the world's major concern nowadays. Electronic waste contains harmful substances such as lead, mercury, cadmium and other hazardous materials that have the potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) uses a variety of electronic goods to support facilities and infrastructure in the teaching and learning process in the campus environment. Electronic goods are used in classrooms, conference rooms, laboratories, workshops and other education unit facilities. There has been no study concerning about electronic waste management in the ITS educational unit. In this research, observations were made to each ITS educational unit to obtain data about the type and quantity of stored electronic waste, and the condition of its management. Educational Unit that became the object of research include: Department of Environmental Engineering; Architecture; Geophysical Engineering; Biology; Information Systems; Marine Engineering; and Electrical Engineering. The existing conditions of electronic waste management then compared with the regulations of hazardous waste management in Indonesia and analyzed. The analysis was conducted to determine the factors that affect the management of electronic waste in the ITS educational unit. The priority of electronic waste management was determined using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The AHP method uses the assessment of experts related to the management of electronic waste in the ITS educational unit. The assessment was done to the technical and institutional aspects in the management of electronic waste, and based on the Key Performance Indicator (KPI). From the research results, it was found that ITS educational unit (that became the object of research) produced various types of electronic waste such as: IT devices (CPU, monitor, keyboard), air conditioner, printing equipment (printer, copiers), laboratory equipment and various other types of electronic waste. Total amount of stored electronic waste reached 1289 units, with a total weight of 16180 kg and a total volume of 100,5 m3. Electronic waste has been managed but there are still shortcomings in certain aspects. The shortcomings are caused by several factors, including: limited capacity of electronic waste storage room; lack of knowledge of human resources in each department about the management of hazardous waste, especially electronic waste; lack of policy from the top management of ITS on electronic waste management; and the unclear mechanism of state property removal. Through the AHP method, the main priority of electronic waste management in the technical aspect is to optimize the use of electronic goods in accordance with the procedures. While the priority of management in the institutional aspect is to provide training about hazardous waste management to the human

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: AHP, electronic waste, ITS, management, priority, limbah elektronik
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD789 Refuse and refuse disposal
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Ignatius Chandra Setyanto
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2018 01:48
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 01:48
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/44946

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