Estimasi Dispersi Emisi Gas Buang Kapal Menggunakan Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Model (LPDM) Berdasarkan Automatic Identification System (AIS): Studi Kasus Selat Madura

Manullang, Alphie Benhard Sori Mengapul (2017) Estimasi Dispersi Emisi Gas Buang Kapal Menggunakan Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Model (LPDM) Berdasarkan Automatic Identification System (AIS): Studi Kasus Selat Madura. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pemanasan global memiliki dampak yang cukup signifikan 10 tahun terakhir. Permukaan air laut naik dan suhu udara meningkat merupakan dampak dari pemanasan global tersebut. Hasil studi International Maritime Organization (IMO) menyimpulkan bahwa emisi CO2 gas buang kapal merupakan penyumbang 3,1 emisi CO2 dunia. Selat madura merupakan salah satu perairan di Indonesia yang banyak dilalui kapal. Letak Selat Madura yang strategis diapit oleh 2 pulau yakni Pulau Jawa dan Madura tidak dapat dihindari terkena dampak emisi gas buang kapal. Nitrogen oksida (NOx), carbon monoksida (CO), sulfur dioksida (SO2), particullar matter (PM2,5) dan carbon dioksida (CO2) adalah beberapa jenis emisi gas buang kapal yang berbahaya bagi makhluk hidup. Data AIS dikombinasikan dengan Metode Puget pada penelitian ini digunakan untuk mengestimasikan emisi gas buang kapal. Estimasi penyebaran emisi gas buang kapal menggunakan metode Langrangian Particle Dispersion Model (LPDM). Dari penelitian ini dihasilkan jumlah emisi NOx sebesar 845,23 kg. Emisi gas buang CO sebanyak 67,35 kg. Emisi SO2 sebesar 729,18 kg. Emisi PM2,5 sebanyak 50,37 kg. Emisi CO2 sebesar 41.029,72 kg. Konsentrasi terbesar emisi gas buang kapal terlatak pada latitude 7° 1253.09S longitude 112°4348.40T yakni Kecamatan Pabean Cantikan yang memiliki konsentrasi NOx, CO, SO2, PM2,5 dan CO2 sebesar 960 µg/m3, 46,7 µg/m3, 426 µg/m3, 29,8 µg/m3 dan 25.500 µg/m3. ============================================================================================= Global warming has a significant impact last 10 years. Rising sea surface and temperature increasing are impact of the global warming. The result of International Maritime Organization (IMO) states that CO2 ship gas emission accounts for approximately 3,1 of annual global CO2. Madura strait is one of the busiest ship traffics in Indonesia. The strategic location located between two islands, Java island and Madura island, is inevitably affected by the ship gas emission. Nitrogen oxide (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), particular matter (PM2,5) and carbon dioxide (CO2) are several types of harmful ship gas emission to the mankind. AIS data combined with Puget Method were used to estimate the ship gas emission. The ship gas emission dispersion estimation used Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Model (LPDM). The study shows that 845,23 kg total of NOx accounts. Total of CO accounts 67,35 kg. Total of SO2 accounts 729,18 kg. Total of PM2,5 accounts 50,37 kg. The most estimated ship gas emission concentration located at latitude 7°1253.09S longitude 112°4348.40E which is Pabean Cantikan sub-district. The concentration of NOx, CO, SO2, PM2,5 and CO2 are 960 µg/m3, 46,7 µg/m3, 426 µg/m3, 29,8 µg/m3 and 25.500 µg/m3.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: AIS, Metode Puget, Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Model
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD883.5 Air--Pollution
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM731 Marine Engines
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Marine Engineering
Depositing User: Alphie Benhard Manullang
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2017 09:01
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2018 04:09
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/45004

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