Technical and Economical Analysis as the Use Of PVC Pipe On Domestic System as an Alternative Material Component To Galvanized Steel Pipe

Prambiksono, Angya (2017) Technical and Economical Analysis as the Use Of PVC Pipe On Domestic System as an Alternative Material Component To Galvanized Steel Pipe. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Piping is an important part on the ship. There are many systems that work inside the ship, and the systems is almost entirely in direct contact with the piping. Not all types of pipes that can be used for a system inside the ship, but it must pipe with certain quality standards and has been certified and declared eligible by class or other accredited standards. One system that uses pipes are domestic water system (sanitary system), where Domestic water system is a water distribution system (fresh water) in the vessel used by the crew to meet the needs of drinking water and cooking, for bathing, washing and others. For the needs of the WC (water closed) system used sea water (sea water) is supplied to each deck has a bathroom. Sanitary system becomes important and the main requirement for the daily needs of the crew. Without the sanitary system, it is certain that the vessel would be very uncomfortable for occupancy. The use of pipe for domestic water systems on ships generally use type cast iron pipe. Due to this type of pipe material characteristics that are well suited to the environmental conditions that existed at the ship, such as resistance to vibration, pressure, and temperature are working on a ship environment. However, the characteristics of the cast iron pipe should be found wanting in the form of the rather expensive price. Thus in this study will be analyzed testing of PVC pipe as the pipe is used as an alternative to domestic water piping system. Selection of PVC as an alternative material because the material PVC pipe would benefit costs are cheaper, but in use on board, PVC pipes also have to first be able to withstand the pressure, temperature and other characteristics that exist in the vessel. It would require some testing such as test material in PVC pipe. The results of these tests if the PVC proved to be feasible to be used for domestic water system on the vessel then will be analyzed costs, both material costs, operating costs, the cost of installation and maintenance. The results of technical analysis (testing the strength of materials) and the results of the cost analysis is what will be the final outcome of this study to answer whether the PVC pipe can actually be an alternative for domestic water pipe system on the vessel. Presentation of engineering analysis and economic analysis will be a table or chart the data. ================================================================= xiii Technical and Economical Analysis as the Use Of PVC Pipe On Domestic System as an Alternative Material Component To Galvanized Steel Pipe Student Name : Angya Prambiksono NRP : 4213 101 034 Department : Double Degree Marine Engineering Supervisor : Ir. Hari Prastowo, M.Sc. - ABSTRA K Pipa merupakan bagian penting di kapal. Ada banyak sistem yang bekerja di dalam kapal, dan sistemnya hampir seluruhnya bersentuhan langsung dengan perpipaan. Tidak semua jenis pipa yang bisa digunakan untuk sistem di dalam kapal, tapi harus disambung dengan sta ndar kualitas tertentu dan telah disertifikasi dan dinyatakan layak standar kelas atau terakreditasi lainnya. Salah satu sistem yang menggunakan pipa adalah sistem air dalam negeri (sistem sanitasi), dimana sistem air domestik adalah sistem penyaluran air (air tawar) di kapal yang digunakan oleh awak kapal untuk memenuhi kebutuhan air minum dan memasak, untuk mandi, mencuci dan lain - lain. . Untuk kebutuhan WC (water closed) sistem yang digunakan air laut (sea water) yang dipasok ke masing - masing dek memilik i kamar mandi. Sistem sanitasi menjadi penting dan kebutuhan utama untuk kebutuhan sehari - hari para kru. Tanpa sistem sanitasi, sudah pasti kapal tersebut akan sangat tidak nyaman untuk hunian. Penggunaan pipa untuk sistem air dalam negeri pada kapal umumn ya menggunakan pipa besi cor tipe. Karena karakteristik material pipa jenis ini yang sesuai dengan kondisi lingkungan yang ada di kapal, seperti ketahanan terhadap getaran, tekanan, dan suhu, bekerja pada lingkungan kapal. Namun, karakteristik pipa besi co r harus dicari dalam bentuk harga yang agak mahal. Dengan demikian dalam penelitian ini akan dianalisis pengujian pipa PVC karena pipa tersebut digunakan sebagai alternatif sistem perpipaan air domestik. Pemilihan PVC sebagai bahan alternatif karena bahan pipa PVC akan menguntungkan biaya yang lebih murah, namun di gunakan di atas kapal, pipa PVC juga harus terlebih dahulu mampu menahan tekanan, suhu dan karakteristik lain yang ada di kapal. Ini akan membutuhkan beberapa pengujian seperti bahan uji di pipa PVC. Hasil pengujian ini jika PVC terbukti layak untuk digunakan untuk sistem air domestik di atas kapal maka akan dianalisis biaya, baik biaya material, biaya operasi, biaya pemasangan dan perawatan. Hasil analisis teknis (pengujian kekuatan material) dan hasil analisis biaya adalah apa yang akan menjadi hasil akhir penelitian ini untuk menjawab apakah pipa PVC sebenarnya bisa menjadi alternatif sistem pipa air domestik di kapal. Presentasi analisis teknik dan analisis ekonomi akan menjadi tabel atau grafik data

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sistem Sanitari Kapal, Pipa Galvanized Steel, Pipa PVC, Analisa Teknis, Analisa EkonomisShip Sanitary System, Galvanized Steel Pipe, PVC Pipe , Technical Analysis, Economic Analysis.
Subjects: V Naval Science > VC Naval Maintenance > VC 270-279 Equipment of vessels, supplier,allowances,etc
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM731 Marine Engines
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Marine Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Prambiksono Angya
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2017 01:39
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 06:29
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/45723

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