Aplikasi Sequencing Batch Biofilter Granular Reactor (SBBGR) pada Pengolahan Limbah Cair Rumah Sakit dalam Skala Laboratorium

Essa, Nadya (2017) Aplikasi Sequencing Batch Biofilter Granular Reactor (SBBGR) pada Pengolahan Limbah Cair Rumah Sakit dalam Skala Laboratorium. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Limbah cair rumah sakit adalah semua air buangan termasuk tinja yang berasal dari kegiatan rumah sakit, yang kemungkinan mengandung mikroorganisme, bahan beracun, dan radio aktif serta darah yang berbahaya bagi kesehatan. Untuk itu dibutuhkan skema pengolahan kompleks yang berdasarkan variasi langkah bertahap agar mendapatkan efluen pengolahan limbah yang efektif. Pada penelitian ini digunakan dua variabel penelitian yaitu variasi luas permukaan media attached growth dan variasi durasi aerasi. Variasi luas permukaan media attached growth yaitu 3,6; 4,4; dan 5,3 m2. Variasi durasi aerasi yaitu selama 8; 12; dan 18 jam. Pada penelitian ini digunakan reaktor skala laboratorium. Reaktor yang digunakan menggunakan aliran upflow. Penelitian pendahuluan yang dilakukan adalah seeding dan aklimatisasi bakteri dengan menganalisis karakteristiknya agar sesuai. Dan juga dilakukan analisis karakteristik awal dari air limbah rumah sakit. Analisa dilakukan sesuai metode SNI. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini berupa nilai efisiensi penurunan COD hingga 77,3 %, efisiensi penurunan NH3-N hingga 90,04 %, dan efisiensi penurunan PO4 hingga 64,61% dari limbah cair rumah sakit yang diolah menggunakan Sequencing Batch Biofilter Granular Reactor (SBBGR). Selama penelitian digunakan limbah asli dari inlet IPAL rumah sakit. ======================================================================================================== Hospital wastewater was everything that is left from any activities in the hospital, including human waste, which may still be containing microorganism, toxic waste, radioactive, and blood that could do harm to human health. Complex processing based on variation of step is needed for us to get an effective effluent. Variation of attached growth material surface area and variation of aeration duration are used on this research as the main variable. Variation of attached growth material surface area are 3,6; 4,4; dan 5,3 m2. While variation of aeration duration are 8; 12; and 18 hours. This reactor using up-flow system. Preliminary test of this research includes seeding and bacteria acclimatization, due to importance to know the characteristic of the hospital wastewater. Corresponding analysis that used was based on SNI method. Result from this research showed removal efficiency of COD reached 77,3 %, removal efficiency of NH3-N reached 90,4 %, and removal efficiency of PO4 reached 64,61 % from the hospital wastewater that is processed with Sequencing Batch Biofilter Granular Reactor (SBBGR). Wastewater that used in this research was taken from inlet of Wastewater Treatment Plant in a hospital.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSL 628.445 Ess a-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sequencing Batch Biofilter Granular Reactor (SBBGR), Limbah Cair, Attached Growth, Aerasi, Bioball
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD646 Sewage--Purification
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Nadya Essa .
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2018 01:54
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 01:54
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/46129

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