Kajian Aspek Teknis dan Finansial Tempat Pengolahan Sampah Terpadu (TPST) Gunung Bahagia, Kota Balikpapan

Cahya, Widya Indira (2017) Kajian Aspek Teknis dan Finansial Tempat Pengolahan Sampah Terpadu (TPST) Gunung Bahagia, Kota Balikpapan. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Timbulan sampah Kota Balikpapan pada tahun 2015 mencapai 400 ton per hari sehingga Pemerintah Kota Balikpapan harus mencari solusi untuk mengatasi sampah tersebut. Salah satu program yang diharapkan dapat mengurai permasalahan sampah tersebut yaitu dengan membangun Tempat Pengolahan Sampah Terpadu (TPST). Kehadiran TPST diharapkan dapat mengubah sistem pengelolaan sampah menjadi terdesentralisasi, yaitu sistem pengelolaan pada areal hulu atau penghasil sampah pertama. TPST dalam pelaksanaannya dapat mengurangi tingginya timbulan sampah di TPA. Perlu adanya penelitian terkait aspek teknis dan finansial serta potensi pengembangan wilayah pelayanan TPST Gunung Bahagia ini. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi data primer yaitu hasil pengukuran komposisi dan kuantitas sampah, tahap-tahap pengolahan sampah, serta jenis dan jumlah fasilitas pengolahan sampah. Data sekunder yaitu jumlah penduduk daerah pelayanan, kuantitas sampah selama setahun terakhir, daerah pelayanan TPST, peta Kecamatan Balikpapan Selatan, data finansial TPST, serta peraturan daerah. Perhitungan kuantitas sampah menggunakan metode load-count dan weight-volume analysis, sementara perhitungan komposisi sampah menggunakan metode perempatan. Kesetimbangan massa dianalisis menggunakan nilai recovery factor. Dalam perhitungan analisis finansial, kriteria ekonomi yang digunakan adalah Net Present Value (NPV). Kuantitas sampah yang diolah setiap hari di TPST Gunung Bahagia adalah 35 m3/hari atau setara dengan 3,9 ton/hari. Komposisi sampah di TPST Gunung Bahagia antara lain kertas 1 (HVS, koran, kertas buram/warna) 16,44% dengan total 579,22 kg/hari yang bernilai jual; kertas 2 (majalah, kardus, dupleks) 28,89% dengan total 973,12 kg/hari yang bernilai jual; gelas plastik 2,32% dengan total 80,84 kg/hari yang bernilai jual; botol plastik 15,84% dengan total 576,48 kg/hari yang bernilai jual; plastik nonbotol 18,09% dengan total 700,39 kg/hari yang bernilai jual; kaleng/besi 8,46% dengan total 278,41 kg/hari yang bernilai jual; botol kaca 2% dengan total 77,43 kg/hari yang bernilai jual; dan B3 & lainnya 7,96%. Rata-rata sampah yang bisa dijual sebesar 3.265,89 kg/hari. Total residu yang dibuang ke TPA sebesar 605,79 kg/hari. Perhitungan kelayakan finansial dengan metode NPV mendapatkan nilai NPV>0 sehingga operasi TPST dipandang layak. Proyeksi pelayanan TPST menunjukkan bahwa TPST dapat meningkatkan kapasitas pelayanannya hingga tahun 2033 dengan kapasitas 91,7 m3/hari atau setara dengan 9,9 ton/hari. ==================================================================== he potential of solid waste in Balikpapan in 2015 reached about 400 tons/day, so the government must find a solution in handling the solid waste piles. One of the programs that are expected to be able to disentangle the solid waste problem is by building Material Recovery Facility (TPST). The presence of TPST is expected to change the waste management system to be decentralized, ie.management system in the upstream area or first waste producer (source). TPST in its implementation can reduce the high was te generation at source and in Final Disposal Site (TPA). There is a need for research related to technical and financial aspects as well as development potential of TPST Gunung Bahagia service area. The data used in this study include primary data such as measurement of solid waste composition and quantity, the stages of waste processing, and the type and amount of waste processing facilities. Secondary data such as data on population of service area, data of waste quantity processed last year, TPST service area, South Balikpapan subdistrict map, financial data of TPST, and regional regulation. Calculation of waste quantity used load-count and weight-volume analysis method, while to calculate the waste composition used quartered method. The material balance was analyzed using the value of recovery factor. Since TPST Gunung Bahagia wasestablished without investment, only the financial feasibility of Net Present Value (NPV) was calculated. The quantity of waste volume that is processed daily at TPST Gunung Bahagia is 35 m3/day with the weight of waste of 3,9 tons/day. The composition of solid waste in TPST Gunung Bahagia is 16,44% paper 1 (HVS, newspaper, black /colored he potential of solid waste in Balikpapan in 2015 reached about 400 tons/day, so the government must find a solution in handling the solid waste piles. One of the programs that are expected to be able to disentangle the solid waste problem is by building Material Recovery Facility (TPST). The presence of TPST is expected to change the waste management system to be decentralized, ie.management system in the upstream area or first waste producer (source). TPST in its implementation can reduce the high was te generation at source and in Final Disposal Site (TPA). There is a need for research related to technical and financial aspects as well as development potential of TPST Gunung Bahagia service area. The data used in this study include primary data such as measurement of solid waste composition and quantity, the stages of waste processing, and the type and amount of waste processing facilities. Secondary data such as data on population of service area, data of waste quantity processed last year, TPST service area, South Balikpapan subdistrict map, financial data of TPST, and regional regulation. Calculation of waste quantity used load-count and weight-volume analysis method, while to calculate the waste composition used quartered method. The material balance was analyzed using the value of recovery factor. Since TPST Gunung Bahagia wasestablished without investment, only the financial feasibility of Net Present Value (NPV) was calculated. The quantity of waste volume that is processed daily at TPST Gunung Bahagia is 35 m3/day with the weight of waste of 3,9 tons/day. The composition of solid waste in TPST Gunung Bahagia is 16,44% paper 1 (HVS, newspaper, black/colored paper) with 579,22 kg salable items per day; 28,89% paper 2 (magazine, cardboard, duplex) with 973,12 kg salable items per day; 2,32% plastic cup with 80,84 kg salable items per day; 15,84% plastic bottles with 576,48 kg salable items per day; 18,09% non – bottled plastics material with 700,39 kg salable items per day; 8,46% cans/iron with 278,41 kg salable items per day; 2% glass bottles with 77,43 kg salable items per day; and 7,96% B3 & others. The average amount of product sellingis 3. 265,89 kg/day. Total residue discharged to the landfill is 605,79 kg/day. The calculation of financial feasibilitywith NPV method get NPV>0 so that TPST operation is feasible. The projection of TPST service shows that TPST can increase its service capacity until 2033 with a capacity of 91, 7 m3/day or equivalent to 9,9 tonnes/day.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: analisis ekonomi; analisis teknis; Balikpapan; Gunung Bahagia; tempat pengolahan sampah terpadu
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD789 Refuse and refuse disposal
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Widya Indira Cahya
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2017 02:13
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 04:11
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/46233

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