Analisis Pressure Drop pada Pipa Jaringan Pelanggan Biogas di TPA Supiturang Kota Malang

Miyarthaluna, Gigis Kintan (2017) Analisis Pressure Drop pada Pipa Jaringan Pelanggan Biogas di TPA Supiturang Kota Malang. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pressure drop merupakan salah satu permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh jaringan pipa pelanggan biogas di TPA Supiturang. Penambahan 80 pelanggan baru akan meningkatkan pressure drop sehingga tekanan biogas menuju ke kompor menurun. Sedangkan, tekanan optimun biogas dan landfill gas menuju kompor sebesar 1,0 kPa. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan perhitungan pressure drop jaringan pipa pelanggan biogas existing dan future. Jaringan pipa future pada branch XA, XB, dan XC terdapat delapan variasi model, yaitu antara lain model A1, A2, A3, A4, B1, B2, B3, dan B4. Hasil perhitungan jaringan pipa existing menunjukkan error hasil perhitungan kurang dari 3%. Tekanan biogas menuju ke kompor telah memenuhi minimun pressure. Hasil perhitungan jaringan pipa future pada branch XB dan XC menunjukkan bahwa tekanan tertinggi dihasilkan model A1. Pada branch XA, tekanan tertinggi dihasilkan model A2. Hal ini terjadi karena friction losslebih kecil pada branch XB dan XC dengan model A1. Sedangkan pada branch XA, model A2 memiliki debit terkecil. Maka model A1 digunakan sebagai desain pada jaringan pipa future. ======================================================================== Pressure drop is one of the problems that occurred in pipeline network of biogas user. If we add 80 biogas users, it will increase the pressure drop and decrease biogas pressure to the stove. Optimum pressure of biogas and landfill gas to the stove are 1,0 kPa. In this experiment, the pressure drop at pipeline network of biogas users had been calculated both existing and future. There was 8 variation of models for the future pipeline on branch XA, XB, and XC. Such as model A1, B1, A2, B2, A3, B3, A4, and B4. The calculation error of existing pipeline is less than 3 %. The calculation result of the future pipeline on branch XA, XB, and XC had shown that the lowest pressure drop was from model A1. On branch XC, the lowest pressure drop was from model A2. On branch XB and XC, the cause was model A1 had lowest friction loss. On the other hand, on branch XA model A2 had the lowest volume rate. So model A1 had been chosen as the future pipeline desaign.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas, headloss, pipa, pressure drop
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP359 Biogas
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Physics Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Gigis Kintan Miyarthaluna
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2018 05:41
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 07:01
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/46972

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