Desain Konseptual Kemasan Muatan Pelayaran Rakyat: Studi Kasus Pelayaran Rakyat Kalimas Surabaya

Izza, Fitri Faizatul (2017) Desain Konseptual Kemasan Muatan Pelayaran Rakyat: Studi Kasus Pelayaran Rakyat Kalimas Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Implementasi Tol Laut akan meningkatkan volume pergerakan barang antar wilayah, termasuk pergerakan dari/ke daerah-daerah yang dilayari oleh pelayaran rakyat. Tetapi jumlah armada pelayaran rakyat semakin berkurang setiap tahunnya. Kondisi ini disebabkan terutama adanya kecenderungan pemilik barang yang menginginkan barangnya cepat sampai di tujuan dengan tingkat keselamatan yang tinggi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah membuat desain kemasan inovatif serta mengukur kinerja & pengaruh pengoperasian untuk mengatasi kerusakan & inefisiensi pada pengiriman muatan pelayaran rakyat. Studi ini menganalisis tentang kerusakan muatan, penggunaan kemasan baru dan kinerja serta pengaruh pengoperasiannya. Hasil analisis yaitu: desain konseptual kemasan yang dibuat berdasarkan sifat pemuatan di lapangan dan rujukan kepada objek-objek yang relevan. Sehingga dihasilkan 3 desain kemasan, Desain A, Desain B, & Desain C. Kriteria untuk menilai kemasan terbaik yaitu: efektif, efisien, siklus hidup & daur ulang kemasan, keamanan muatan serta keselamatan SDM & lingkungan. Desain terbaik sesuai dengan kriteria tersebut adalah Desain C dengan nilai 33%. Akibat dari penggunaan kemasan baru, terjadi perubahan pola operasi saat B/M, yaitu: stuffing muatan, pelabelan baru di kemasan, dan berkurangnya kerusakan muatan. =============================================================================================== The implementation of Tol Laut will increase volume movement of goods between regions, including movement to/from areas that are navigable by traditional shipping. But the number of traditional shipping’s vessels decrease each year. This condition mainly is caused by the exsistence of a tendency of the shipper or the good’s owner who wants their goods arrive quickly at the destination with high level of safety. The purposes of this research are to develop an innovative packaging design as well as measure the performance and the influence of its operation to cope with the damage and inefficiency in traditional shipping cargo delivery. This study analyses about cargo damage, the use of the new packaging, the performance and the influence of its operation. The results of the analysis are: conceptual design of packaging based on the nature of the loading in the field as a reference against the relevant objects, with the results are Design A, Design B, and Design C. The criteria to judge the best packaging are: effectiveness; efficiency; cyclicality; cargo, human, and environmental safety. The best design according to those criteria is Design C with the percentage 33%. The consequence of the use of the new packaging is operation system change in loading/unloading process, such as: cargo stuffing, new labelling in package, and reduce the cargo damage.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: pelayaran rakyat, kerusakan muatan, kemasan tersier, desain kemasan, inovasi kemasan
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > TE7 Transportation--Planning
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Marine Transportation > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Fitri Faizatul Izza
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2017 03:58
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 03:41
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/47151

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