Konstruksi Teori Sustainable Interior Design: Pendekatan Holistik Eco-Socio-Econo Interior Design Kontekstual Di Indonesia

Kusumarini, Yusita (2015) Konstruksi Teori Sustainable Interior Design: Pendekatan Holistik Eco-Socio-Econo Interior Design Kontekstual Di Indonesia. Doctoral thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Interior adalah objek dengan lingkup ke dua terkecil setelah ‘produk’ dan sebelum struktur dalam bahasan built environment. ‘Interior’ menjadi penting untuk dibahas dan diteliti serta dikembangkan teori bidang ilmunya karena ‘interior’ merupakan lingkungan terdekat manusia dan menjadi objek konkrit tempat di mana intensitas direct-interface aktivitas manusia dominan terjadi, terhadap dan di dalamnya. Latar belakang yang menjadi awal permasalahan penelitian konstruksi teori sustainable interior adalah: isu global tentang degradasi lingkungan yang memicu munculnya salah satu respon berupa isu sustainable development; perubahan pola kehidupan tradisional (di Indonesia) ke modern menuntut konsekuensi kebutuhan ruang sebagai penyesuaian dari aktivitas komuni di luar ruang ke aktivitas individu di dalam ruang; dan celah antara perkembangan teori dan praktik desain interior. Dalam pembangunan berkelanjutan di Indonesia, pemanfaatan semua sumber daya alam dan manusia pada masa sekarang ini hendaknya dijabarkan pada tujuan: ekologi, sosial, ekonomi. Model konstruksi teori general dan kontekstual sustainable interior dengan pendekatan holistik eco-socio-econo interior menjadi masalah dan sekaligus tujuan penelitian. Penelitian konstruksi teori sustainable interior dilakukan secara keseluruhan dengan memilih jenis penelitian kualitatif. Secara umum , metode yang akan digunakan dalam pelaksanaan penelitian mengacu pada metode konstruksi teoritis. Metode konstruksi teoritis tersebut akan mendasari dan menjadi orientasi metode-metode lain yang digunakan pada tahap penelitian. Tahapan penelitiannya adalah: theoretical problem, hypothesis and argumentation idea, literature analizing, dan practical views exploration. Metode-metode yang digunakan pada tiap tahap diantaranya adalah: logical argumentation, critical method, logical and critical argumentation, source selection, source classification, source characterization, report, identification, and description. Hasil penelitian berupa rumusan teori atau model sustainable interior yang terdiri dari pendekatan holistik eco-interior, socio-interior, dan econo-interior dengan masingmasing variabel, prinsip general, dan orientasi kontekstualnya. Variabel eco-interior adalah: organisasi ruang, pemilihan material, sistem pencahayaan, sistem penghawaan, sanitasi air, polusi dalam ruang, emisi elektromaknetik, dan manajemen sampah dalam ruang. Variabel socio-interior adalah: identitas budaya, interaksi dan kohesi, perilaku dan kepranataan, partisipasi, dan desain universal. Variabel econo-interior adalah: efisiensi, pemberdayaan dan pertumbuhan, potensi, dan pemerataan. Pendekatan eco-interior, socio-interior, dan econo-interior saling terkoneksi satu sama lain membentuk kesatuan holistik sustainable interior. “Harmony in Between…. from the inside out and from the outside in... Towards Sustainability” ====================================================================================== Interior is an object with the second smallest scope after 'product' and before 'structure' in a discussion of built environment. The theory of interior has become significant to be discussed and researched and therefore to be developed, since interior is the nearest environment of human being and is a concrete object of place where the intensity of direct-interface is dominantly happening towards and inside humans activity. Background of this research is the significance of the construction theory of sustainable interior as a global issue of environment degradation which triggers the issue of sustainable development as the response; the changing pattern of traditional lifestyle (of Indonesian) to modern lifestyle which demands the consequence of space needs as an adaptation from outside-community activities to inside-individual activities; and the gap found between the theory and practice of interior design. Nowadays, in order to enable the continuity of Indonesian development, the maximum use of all human and natural resources should be defined into three objectives: ecology, social, and economy. The model of general construction theory and contextual sustainable interior with eco-socio-econo interior as a holistic approach has become the main problem and objective of this research. This construction theory of sustainable interior research is conducted as a whole through qualitative research method. In general, the method used in this research is based on construction theory. This method will become the base and orientation of other methods that will be used in the research steps. The research steps are as follows: logical argumentation, critical method, logical and critical argumentation, source selection, source classification, source characterization, report, identification, and description. The methods used in each step, among others are as follows: theoretical problem, hypothesis and argumentation idea, literature analyzing, and practical views exploration. The research result is a theoretical formulation or sustainable interior model, consists of the holistic approach of eco-interior, socio-interior, and econo-interior, with each of the variables, general principles, and contextual orientation. The variables of eco-interior are as follows: space organization, material choices, lighting system, air conditioning system, water sanitation, indoor pollution, electromagnetic emission, indoor waste management. The variables of socio-interior are as follows: culture identity, universal design, human behaviour, participation, interaction and cohesion. and the variables of econo-interior are as follows: efficiency, empowerment and growth, potential, equity. These approaches of eco-interior, socio-interior, and econo-interior are intertwined and form a holistic unity of sustainable interior. “Harmony in Between…. from the inside out and from the outside in... Towards Sustainability”

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: RDA 747.852 1 Kus k
Uncontrolled Keywords: eco-interior, econo-interior, socio-interior, sustainable interior
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament > NK2115 Interior decoration
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Architechture > (S3) Doctoral
Depositing User: Mrs Anis Wulandari
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 03:35
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 03:35
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/47510

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