Perancangan Buku Visual Ulos Batak Sebagai Media Pelestarian Ulos Tradisional

Carmeline, Jessica (2017) Perancangan Buku Visual Ulos Batak Sebagai Media Pelestarian Ulos Tradisional. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Ulos merupakan salah satu kain tenun tradisional khas suku Batak dari Sumatera Utara. Proses menenun ulos menggunakan alat tenun memerlukan waktu yang cukup lama karena dibutuhkan ketelitian dalam membuat setiap motifnya. Namun, saat ini telah banyak beredar ulos yang diproduksi menggunakan mesin dengan waktu produksi yang lebih cepat dan harga yang lebih murah. Ragam jenis ulos tradisional semakin berkurang karena kurangnya minat masyarakat untuk membeli jenis ulos selain yang sering digunakan dalam acara adat. Penenun ulos akhirnya banyak yang berhenti menenun motif-motif ulos karena tidak ada yang membeli. Jika fenomena ini terus berlanjut motif-motif ulos tradisional akan punah, padahal setiap motif dalam ulos tradisional memiliki makna dan simbol doa serta berkat yang ingin diberikan. Sebuah media yang bisa mengangkat keragaman jenis motif ulos dibutuhkan sebagai upaya untuk melestarikan jenis-jenis ulos tradisional. Perancangan buku visual ulos tradisional ini menggunakan beberapa metode penelitian diantaranya observasi langsung, wawancara mendalam, kuisioner, studi eksperimental, dan studi literature. Data yang didapatkan kemudian dikomparasikan dengan komparator untuk mendapatkan isi konten buku yang sesuai. Konsep perancangan ini adalah modernized encyclopaedia of traditional ulos yang bertujuan membuat buku visual ulos yang lengkap, jelas, dan detail. Luaran dari peracangan ini merupakan sebuah buku visual dengan konten sejarah ulos, proses pembuata, ragam jenis dan fungsi setiap ulos, dan perkembangan ulos yang didokumentasikan dengan teknik fotografi. ==================================================================================== Ulos was Bataknese traditional woven textiles from North Sumatera. It takes long process to make an Ulos because it need a lot of craftsmanship in every woven yarn. Nowadays, there are a lot of machine-made ulos which take less time to make. Ulos’ motives were also decreased because Bataknese only collect ulos they often use in cultural ceremony and they also swift to machine-made ulos because it was cheaper. Consequently, ulos weaver stop producing some motives and only make motives with highest demands. If this continue happens, some of motives of traditional ulos are going. Therefore, a media which can reappoint ulos is needed, as an effort to conserve traditional Ulos’ motives from extinction. The visual book of traditional ulos is designed with some methods such as in sites observation, deep interviews, questionnaire, experimental study, and literature study. All the result will be compared with the comparator to get a suitable content. The big idea of the design is “modernized encyclopaedia of traditional ulos” that can make a complete, comprehensive, and details visual book of traditional ulos which could help Bataknese people understand more about it cultural heritage. The output of the process is a visual book which have variety of ulos from all of 5 sub-tribe of Bataknese, the making process of ulos, and the meaning behind the motives and how to use them in cultural ceremony. Photography is going to be used as a main visual element that can show the reader the details of every kind of ulos and making process of it.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ulos, Woven, Traditional, Bataknese
Subjects: N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR
N Fine Arts > NC Drawing Design Illustration
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Industrial Design Product
Depositing User: Jessica Carmeline
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2017 07:08
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 07:38
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/47664

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