Pengelompokan Kabupaten / Kota di Jawa Timur Berdasarkan Indikator Pembangunan Ekonomi menggunakan Model-Based Clustering

Akhyar, Shiddiqul (2017) Pengelompokan Kabupaten / Kota di Jawa Timur Berdasarkan Indikator Pembangunan Ekonomi menggunakan Model-Based Clustering. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pembangunan ekonomi merupakan proses untuk meningkatkan pendapatan perkapita selama kurun waktu tertentu. Dalam pembangunan berlingkup luas diperlukan kerjasama antar daerah sangat untuk mempercepat realisasi pembangunan ekonomi. Ketimpangan pembangunan ekonomi terjadi akibat adanya kesenjangan pembangunan. Indikator keberhasilan pembangunan ekonomi didasarkan pada tiga indikator yaitu Indikator moneter, indikator non moneter dan indikator campuran. Meskipun perekonomian Jawa Timur pada tahun 2016 tumbuh sebesar 5,55 persen dari tahun sebelumnya, namun analisis ketimpangan ekonomi masih menujukkan hasil yang tinggi. Pengelompokan Kabupaten/Kota diperlukan untuk menentukan kebijakan yang didasarkan pada indikator pembangunan ekonomi. Metode model-based clustering menawarkan hasil pengelompokan yang lebih baik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kelompok Kabupaten/Kota besar dengan perekonomian maju cenderung menjadi minoritas. Sedangkan kelompok dengan anggota yang konsisten berada pada klaster dengan karakteristik perekonomian menengah ke bawah. ================================================================= Economic development can be interpreted as process to improve percapita income during period of time. Good cooperation became a necessary in term of macro economic development. Economic development can be achieved if the government’s cooperation among regionsare integrative, synchronization, and synergic. There will be a gap in economic development ifthere is a gap among regions. The succesfulness of economic development can be seen from monetary, non monetary, and both two indicators. In 2016 economic development index in East Java was 5.55%. However, East Java also has high gap in economic index. According to Williamson index, East Java Province still has high index. It means there is wide gap among regions. The specific and directed policy must be implemented to those regions to minimize or reduce economic development gap. Model-based clustering is one of approachs to solve the gap.The model-based clustering method offers better grouping results. The Result of research indicate group of big Regency/City with developed economics tend to become minority. Beside that, the groups with consistent members are in clusters with characteristics of the middle to lower economy.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSSt 519.53 Akh p
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jawa Timur, Ketimpangan, Model-Based Clustering, pembangunan ekonomi, East Java, Gap, Economic development
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA278 Cluster Analysis. Multivariate analysis. Correspondence analysis (Statistics)
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Statistics > 49201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Shiddiqul Akhyar
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 06:29
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 08:30
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/47917

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