Desain Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) Untuk Distribusi Crude Oil Di Daerah Kabupaten Sorong, Papua Barat

Prayoga, Nandika Bagus (2016) Desain Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) Untuk Distribusi Crude Oil Di Daerah Kabupaten Sorong, Papua Barat. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Papua Barat merupakan provinsi penghasil minyak bumi yang ada di Indonesia bagian timur, salah satu daerah yang memiliki potensi tersebut adalah di Kabupaten Sorong. Dengan dikenal sebagai julukan kota minyak, kabupaten yang memiliki ibukota dengan nama Sorong tersebut memiliki 350 sumur minyak dan mampu memproduksi sekitar 3.321.698.000 barrel per tahun . Dari hasil tersebut menjadikan produksi minyak bumi sebagai penyumbang devisa daerah terbesar setelah sektor perikanan dan industri kayu. Jalur distribusi minyak bumi daerah kabupaten Sorong terdapat di sepanjang selat yang memisahkan antara Pulau Papua dan Pulau Salawati. Berdasarkan dampak turunnya harga minyak dunia dan dilakukan langkah penghematan pengeluaran biaya perusahaan, maka dibutuhkan suatu inovasi alat transportasi pengangkutan minyak bumi dari yang selama ini hanya menggunakan tongkang yang ditarik oleh kapal tunda. Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) diharapkan menjadi inovasi solusi yang cukup baik dalam hal sarana transportasi minyak bumi di daerah Kabupaten Sorong. Dengan mencari rata-rata payload dari hasil perhitungan optimasi penentuan rute distribusi dengan metode Traveling Salesman Problem, yang selanjutnya akan dijadikan nilai owner requirement. Lalu dengan menggunakan metode optimation design approach, Self-Propelled Oil Barge dihitung dan dirancangan dengan beberapa batasan untuk mencari nilai pembangunan kapal yang paling minimum. Dari proses optimasi didapatkan ukuran utama barge adalah L = 70.31 m, B = 12 m, H = 6.50 m, T = 4.40m. =============================================================================================== West Papua is an oil-producing province in eastern Indonesia, one of the areas that have the potential is at Sorong District. Known as the city of oil, the district with the name Sorong as capital city has 350 oil wells and is capable to producing approximately 3.321.698.000 barrels per year. From these results make oil production of Sorong as the largest foreign exchange earner after the local fisheries sector and the timber industry. Crude oil distribution channels Sorong district are along the strait that separates the Island of Papua and Salawati Island. Based from recent condition, the world oil price crisis made all company to do cost saving. The innovative solution to transport crude oil which so far only using pulled bargesby tugboats is using Self- Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB). SPOB is expected to be a good solution in terms of transportation of crude oil in the area of Sorong. By finding the average payload from calculating the distribution route optimization using Traveling Salesman Problem method, which would be used as the value of owner requirement. Then using the method of Optimation Design Approach, Self-Propelled Oil Barge calculated and designed with some constrain to find the value of the minimum ship building cost. From the optimization process obtaining the main dimension of the barge, the size is : L = 70.31 m, B = 12 m, H = 6.50 m, T = 4.40 m.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPe 623.829 Pra d
Uncontrolled Keywords: Minyak bumi; Kabupaten Sorong, Traveling Salesman Problem, Optimation Design Approach, Self-Propelled Oil Barge
Subjects: V Naval Science > V Naval Science (General)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2017 08:35
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2018 04:20
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/48663

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