Evaluasi Pengelolaan Limbah Padat B3 Di Fasilitas Incinerator Untuk Puskesmas Kota Surabaya

Suryawan, I Wayan Koko (2014) Evaluasi Pengelolaan Limbah Padat B3 Di Fasilitas Incinerator Untuk Puskesmas Kota Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat (Puskesmas) adalah salah satu fasilitas kesehatan yang menghasilkan limbah padat B3. Puskesmas di Kota Surabaya belum memiliki data pengelolaan incinerator. Kinerja dari incinerator dapat dilihat dari efisiensi penghancuran dan penghilangan (DRE) atau dengan cara uji TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure) dari produk hasil insinerasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui timbulan dan komposisi limbah padat B3 yang masuk ke fasilitas incinerator Puskesmas, kondisi eksiting incinerator, karakteristik abu incinerator, dan rekomendasi yang dapat diberikan. Dilakukan pengukuran timbulan dan komposisi limbah B3 sesuai dengan SNI 19-3964-1994 tentang metode pengambilan dan pengukuran contoh timbulandan komposisi sampah perkotaan. Pemantauan kinerja incinerator dilakukan dengan cara pengamatan langsung terhadap kedua jenis incinerator. Jenis incinerator dan limbah yang dihasilkan menentukan penerapan pengelolaan limbah padat B3. Residu pembakaran diuji TCLP dengan metoda AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy)dimana unsur yang diuji adalah unsur logam berat seperti Cr, Cd, Zn, dan Pb. Hasil observasi lapangan mengenai timbulan di Puskesmas Jagir selama 10 hari tidak dapat mewakili timbulan ke Fasilitas incinerator. Sehingga digunakan data sekunder berupa data inventarisasi setiap Puskesmas selama setahun. Sehingga menghasilkan data rata – rata timbulan ke fasilitas incinerator di Kota Surabaya Tahun 2013 sebnayak 47,71 kg/minggu, pada tahun 2014mencapai 48,71 kg/minggu. Dengan komposisi limbah B3 ke fasilitas incinerator terdiri dari jenis plastik yang tercemar (47,13%), botol (14,15%), benda tajam (17,98%), dan infeksius lainnya (10,30%). Incinerator Jenis A, berdasarkan injeksinya termasuk closed incinerator dengan suhu 630oC dan DRE mencapai 74,44 %. Incinerator Jenis B, berdasarkan injeksinya termasuk semi closed incineratordengan suhu 695oC, dan DRE 82,87%. Hasil TCLP uji abu kedua jenis incinerator tidak memenuhi bakumutu. Sehingga dilakukan solidifikasi dengan perbandingan semen : abu, 75:25 sehingga kadar menjadi tidak berbahaya. ==================================================================== Community health care centres generate hazardous waste. Community health care centres in Surabaya City do not have data management of incinerator. The performance of incinerator can be based on destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) or Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). The aims of this study are to determine composition of hazardous waste in incineration facilities in community health care centres, exsiting condition of incinerator, characteristics of incinerator ash, and recommendation needed. Measurement of hazardous waste generation and composition were done according to SNI 19-3964-1994. Management of incinerator was monitored by direct observation. Combustion residues were tested using AAS method (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer) for heavy metals such as Cr, Cd, Zn, and Pb. The observed hazardous waste generation for 10 days in community health care centres Jagir did not represent overall generation for incinerator facilities. Therefore, secondary data inventory in last 1 year of hazardous waste generation in each health centre was used. In 2013, hazardous waste generation in incinerator facility reached 47,71 kg/week, whereas in 2014 reached 48,71 kg/week. The hazardous waste was composed of contaminated plastics (47,13%), bottles (14,15%), sharp items (17,98%), and other infectious items (10.30%). Incinerator type A (closed incinerator) operated at 630 °C heat has DRE value of 74,44, whereas incinerator type B (semi closed incinerator) operated at 695 °C heat has DRE value of 82,87%. Based on TCLP analysis, the incinerator ashes did not meet the regulated standard quality. Therefore, solidification with cement: ash (75:25) was required to meet the standard quality.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSL 628.445 Sur e
Uncontrolled Keywords: Puskesmas, Limbah padat B3, Incinerator, Uji TCLP, Community Health Centres, Hazardous Waste, TCLP test
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mrs Anis Wulandari
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2017 05:32
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 05:32
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/48806

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