Model Pendistribusian Produk Agro Industri: Studi Kasus Pengiriman Jawa - Indonesia Timur

Paweroy, Muhammad Daud (2016) Model Pendistribusian Produk Agro Industri: Studi Kasus Pengiriman Jawa - Indonesia Timur. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Sampai saat ini masih banyak ditemui berbagai permasalahan terkait distribusi pangan atau produk di Indonesia. Masalah jaringan distribusi pangan seringkali menjadi penyebab ketidaklancaran pasokan pangan khusus pada daerah yang wilayahnya sulit dijangkau. Kondisi ini tentu akan memicu terjadinya perbedaan harga pangan. Salah satu perbedaan harga yang terjadi adalah pada produk agro industri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbandingan biaya antara moda transportasi laut yaitu kapal petikemas, kapal bulk carrier dan kapal general cargo dan moda transportasi darat yaitu truk petikemas dan truk general cargo dan pengaruhnya terhadap harga produk agro industri. Penggunaan metode optimasi dengan biaya pengiriman minimum sebagai kriteria utama serta pemenuhan permintaan akan memberikan solusi moda transportasi yang sesuai. Berdasarkan hasil optimasi, moda transportasi kapal petikemas merupakan moda yang optimum dengan minimum cost untuk pengiriman produk gula, kakao, dan kopi. Pengiriman gula didapatkan unit cost sebesar Rp. 337/kg dengan pengaruh biaya distribusi sebesar 8.42%, pengiriman kopi didapatkan unit cost sebesar Rp. 610/kg dengan pengaruh biaya distribusi sebesar 11.10%, pengiriman kakao didapatkan unit cost sebesar Rp. 577/kg dengan pengaruh biaya distribusi sebesar 6.79%. Sedangkan moda transportasi general cargo merupakan moda yang optimum untuk pengiriman produk teh dengan unit cost sebesar Rp. 710/kg dengan pengaruh biaya distribusi sebesar 23.68%. =============================================================================================== Nowdays many encountered various problems related to the distribution of food or products in Indonesia. Food distribution network problems are often the cause of food supply problems particular in areas that are difficult to reach area. This condition will trigger food price difference. One of the price differences occurs is the agro industrial products. This study aims to determine the cost comparison between modes of transport, container ships, bulk carrier and general cargo and land transport modes, container truck and general cargo truck and its effect on the price of agro-industrial products. The use of optimization methods with minimum delivery cost as the main criteria as well as the fulfillment of a demand will provide an appropriate mode of transportation solutions. Based on the optimization results, the mode of transportation of container ships is the optimum mode with the minimum cost for delivery of sugar products, cocoa, and coffee. Delivery of sugar obtained the unit cost of Rp. 337 / kg with effect distribution costs for 8:42%, obtained coffee delivery unit cost of Rp. 610 / kg with effect distribution costs by 11:10%, cocoa deliveries obtained the unit cost of Rp. 577 / kg with effect distribution costs amounted to 6.79%. While the mode of transportation general cargo is the optimum mode for delivery of tea products with a unit cost of Rp. 710 / kg with effect distribution costs amounted to 23.68%.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSTrL 658.401 2 Paw m
Uncontrolled Keywords: Produk Agro Industri, Transportasi Laut, Minimum Cost
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > TE7 Transportation--Planning
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Marine Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2017 03:51
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2018 04:11
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/48831

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