Model Transportasi Laut Untuk Mendukung Manajemen Rantai Pasok: Studi Kasus Komoditas Ayam Beku Dari Surabaya Ke Indonesia Timur

Isnantoyo, Fitroh Annur (2016) Model Transportasi Laut Untuk Mendukung Manajemen Rantai Pasok: Studi Kasus Komoditas Ayam Beku Dari Surabaya Ke Indonesia Timur. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Daging ayam merupakan salah satu jenis pangan yang dibutuhkan untuk konsumsi masyarakat Indonesia. Dalam perdagangan daging ayam di Indonesia, harga daging ayam di wilayah Indonesia Timur sangat mahal dibandingkan harga daging ayam di pulau Jawa, dapat mencapai dua kali lipat dari harga daging ayam di Surabaya. Proses pengiriman ayam beku dari Surabaya ke wilayah Indonesia Timur, yakni Ambon, Sorong, Nabire, dan Jayapura dilakukan dengan kemasan petikemas berpendingin (reefer container) ukuran 20 feet melalui beberapa pelabuhan disisi pelayaran domestik seperti pelabuhan Ambon, Makassar, Sorong, Manokwari, Bau-Bau dan akan menuju di pelabuhan tujuan. Biaya pengiriman yang cukup mahal berakibat pada harga jual ayam beku yang mempengaruhi nilai jual di pasar wilayah Indonesia Timur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan rute terbaik dalam proses pengiriman ayam beku dari Surabaya ke wilayah Indonesia Timur berdasarkan kriteria biaya dan waktu pengiriman yang minimum. Salah satu variabel yang penting untuk diperhatikan adalah tarif pelayaran dan waktu transit muatan di pelabuhan yang akan berpengaruh terhadap total biaya pengiriman. Penggunaan metode optimasi dengan minimum unit biaya sebagai kriteria utama akan memberikan solusi pemilihan rute pengiriman beserta moda transportasi yang optimal. Berdasarkan hasil optimasi, kombinasi alternatif rute pengiriman dan moda pengangkutan diperoleh bahwa rute pengiriman yang optimal untuk tiap-tiap tujuan. Pengiriman ayam beku tujuan Ambon, didapatkan unit biaya Rp. 3.846/kg dengan kondisi eksisting Rp. 4.352/kg akan menurunkan unit biaya sebesar 11,6%. Pengiriman ayam beku tujuan Sorong, didapatkan unit biaya sebesar Rp. 4.826/kg dengan kondisi eksisting Rp. 4.998/kg akan menurunkan unit biaya sebesar 3,4% Pengiriman ayam beku tujuan Nabire, didapatkan unit biaya Rp. 4.962/kg dengan kondisi eksisting Rp. 5.177/kg akan menurunkan unit biaya sebesar 4,1% Pengiriman ayam beku tujuan Jayapura, didapatkan unit biaya Rp. 4.635/kg dengan kondisi eksisting Rp. 5.263/kg akan menurunkan unit biaya sebesar 11,9%. =============================================================================================== Chicken is one type of the food that are needed for Indonesian community consumption. In the trade of chicken meat in Indonesia, the price of chicken meat in eastern Indonesia is more expensive compare to the price of chicken meat in Java. It can achieve a double price of chicken meat in Surabaya. The shipping process of the frozen chicken from Surabaya to eastern Indonesia, namely the Ambon, Sorong and Nabire, Jayapura, could be done with packing it in a reefer container size 20 feet through some port on either the domestic cruise ports such as Ambon, Makassar, Sorong, Manokwari, Bau-Bau and will be heading to the port of destination. Expensive shipping costs result the selling price of frozen chicken. It affects the value of selling in the market area of Eastern Indonesia. This research aims to determine the best routes in the process of delivery of frozen chicken from Surabaya to eastern Indonesia based on cost and minimum delivery time. One of the important variable to be considered are shipping fares and port charges on transit time. It will effect the total shipping cost. The use of optimization method with unit minimum cost as the main criteria will provide the solution delivery route selection with the optimal mode of transportation. The results of the optimization, the combination of alternative delivery routes and modes of transportation are obtained that the optimal delivery routes to each destination. Delivery of frozen chicken to Ambon, was obtained by the unit cost of Rp. 3.846/kg with the existing condition of Rp. 4.352/kg will lower the unit cost of 11,6%. Frozen chicken delivery destination Sorong, obtained the unit costs of Rp. 4.826/kg with the existing condition of Rp. 4.998/kg will lower the unit cost of 3,4%. Shipping frozen chicken to Nabire, obtained the unit cost of Rp. 4.962/kg with the existing condition of Rp. 5.177/kg will lower the unit cost of 4,1%. Shipping frozen chicken to Jayapura, obtained a unit cost of Rp. 4.635/kg with the existing condition of Rp. 5.263/kg will lower the unit cost of 11,9%.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSTrl 658.788 Isn m
Uncontrolled Keywords: optimasi, transportasi laut, biaya minimum, Indonesia Timur
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > TE7 Transportation--Planning
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Marine Transportation > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2017 06:58
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2018 01:53
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/48836

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