Pengelolaan Risiko pada Green Supply Chain Management dengan Metode House of Risk: Studi Kasus di PT Petrokimia Gresik

Azari, Senja (2018) Pengelolaan Risiko pada Green Supply Chain Management dengan Metode House of Risk: Studi Kasus di PT Petrokimia Gresik. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

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Abstract

Supply chain management (SCM) merupakan hal yang penting dikarenakan melibatkan semua elemen yang berpartisipasi serta mengintegrasikan berbagai proses aktivitas bisnis. PT Petrokimia Gresik sebagai produsen pupuk dan bahan kimia terlengkap di Indonesia, sangat sadar akan tanggung jawab moral dan sosial terhadap lingkungan dalam aktivitas bisnis mereka. Dampak SCM terhadap proses bisnis secara berkelanjutan dapat diminimalisir dengan pengelolaan risiko khususnya yang mempertimbangkan aspek lingkungan di dalam manajemen rantai pasok (green supply chain management). Aplikasi green supply chain management (GSCM) selain mendukung komitmen PT Petrokimia Gresik menjadi perusahaan yang lebih ramah lingkungan (Green Industry) juga bertujuan untuk meminimisasi risiko lingkungan serta menurunkan biaya pengendalian lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi risiko-risiko potensial serta penyebab dari risiko tersebut hingga didapatkan sebuah rekomendasi usulan perbaikan untuk penanganan setiap penyebab risiko khususnya yang berkaitan dalam proses bisnis green supply chain management. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan House of Risk (HOR), yang akan dibagi menjadi 2 tahap yakni, HOR 1 digunakan untuk identifikasi penyebab risiko yang sangat perlu untuk dilakukan aksi mitigasi yang didapatkan dari hasil prioritas pada diagram pareto dan dilanjutkan dengan HOR 2 untuk memberikan rekomendasi kepada perusahaan terkait usulan aksi mitigasi dari setiap penyebab risiko. Teknik pengambilan data diperoleh dari hasil wawacara dan penilaian pada kuesioner offline oleh para manajer serta staff ahli di bidangnya masing-masing dengan validasi hasil akhir menggunakan Focus Group Discussion (FGD) bersama para expert. Hasil penelitian yang didapatkan pada HOR 1 menunjukkan terdapat 36 penyebab risiko yang muncul dari tidak efektifnya implementasi green supply chain management oleh perusahaan, yang mana menjadi dominannya terkait prosedur sistem manajemen lingkungan yang belum diturunkan hingga tugas dan wewenang tiap level departemen. Selanjutnya dari hasil HOR 2 menunjukkan usulan perbaikan untuk memitigasi penyebab risiko tersebut yakni dengan membentuk tim internal staff ahli dalam menyusun tugas dan wewenang tiap level departemen dengan dasar sistem manajemen lingkungan yang sudah diterapkan perusahaan. Kata Kunci: Green Supply Chain Management, Green Industry, Manajemen Risiko, House of Risk. ======================================================================================================= Supply chain management (SCM) is important because it involves all participating elements as well as integrates business process activities. PT Petrokimia Gresik as the most comprehensive fertilizer and chemicals producer in Indonesia and the chemicals, is very aware of the moral and social responsibility to the environment in their business activities. The impact of supply chain management on sustainable business processes can be minimized by risk management especially considering environmental aspects in green supply chain management. The application of green supply chain management (GSCM) in addition to supporting PT Petrokimia Gresik’s commitment to become a more environmentally friendly company (Green Industry) also aims to minimize environmental risks and reduce environmental control costs. This study aims to identify potential risks and causes of those risks to obtain a recommendation for improvement proposals for addresing any risk-related causes specifically related to green supply chain management business processes. The design of this study using House of Risk (HOR), which will be divided into 2 stages namely, HOR 1 is used to identify the cause of the risk that is very necessary to fo mitigation actions obtained from the priority results in the pareto diagram and followed by HOR 2 to provide recommendations companies related to the proposed mitigation action from any cause of the risk. The data retrieval technique was obtained from the results of interview and the assessment on offline questionnaires by the managers and expert staff in their respective fields with the final result validation using Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with the experts. The results of the research found in HOR 1 shows that there are 36 causes of risks arising from the ineffectiveness of the implementation of green supply chain management by the company, which become dominant related to environmental management system procedures that have not been downgraded to the task and authority of each department level. Furthermore, the result of HOR 2 shows the proposes improvement to mitigate the cause of the risk by forming an internal team of expert staff in drafting the tasks and authority of each department level on the basis of the environmental management system that has been applied by the company. Keywords: Green Supply Chain Management, Green Industry, Risk Management, House of Risk.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSMB 658.7 Aza p-1 3100018074372
Uncontrolled Keywords: Green Supply Chain Management, Green Industry, Risk Management, House of Risk.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD38.5 Business logistics--Cost effectiveness. Supply chain management
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Management Technology > Business Management > 61205-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Senja Azari
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2020 00:02
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2020 00:02
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/49528

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