Optimalisasi Perencanaan Dan Manajemen Sistem Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Hybrid Diesel Generator-Photovoltaic Pada Perancangan Kapal Tanker 1700 Dwt Berpenggerak Motor Induksi Tiga Fasa

Mustofa, Ali (2018) Optimalisasi Perencanaan Dan Manajemen Sistem Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Hybrid Diesel Generator-Photovoltaic Pada Perancangan Kapal Tanker 1700 Dwt Berpenggerak Motor Induksi Tiga Fasa. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Untuk mewujudkan transportasi laut yang rendah polusi, murah dan hemat bahan bakar, maka direncakan sebuah kapal tanker 1700 DWT dengan sistem propulsi elektrik. Dalam sistem propulsi elektrik ini, akan di gunakan motor induksi tiga fasa sebagai penggerak utama. Tujuan dari penggunaan propulsi elektrik adalah untuk mengurangi penggunaan bahan bakar minyak bumi pada diesel engine. Untuk mendukung itu semua, direncanakan sebuah sistem pembangkit listrik tenaga hybrid diesel generator-photovoltaic kapal tanker 1700 DWT berpenggerak motor induksi tiga fasa. Selain memanfaatkan energi terbarukan berupa sinar matahari yang sangat besar di indonesia, hal ini juga dapat mengurangi konsumsi bahan bakar minyak pada diesel generator. Dalam perencanaan sistem pembangkit listrik hybrid diesel generator-photovoltaic diperlukan optimalisasi untuk menekan biaya awal sistem dan biaya untuk bahan bakar. Setelah dilakukan optimalisasi berdasarkan simulasi pada Perencanaan Dan Manajemen Sistem Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Hybrid Diesel Generator-Photovoltaic pada Perancangan Kapal Tanker 1700 DWT Berpenggerak Motor Induksi Tiga Fasa, maka didapatkan sistem yang paling optimal dengan Net Present Cost yang paling rendah yaitu sebesar $ 20.295.247,-. Sistem pembangkit listrik tenaga hybrid ini terdiri dari 3 unit generator beroperasi, 1 unit generator stand by dengan kapasitas masing-masing sebesar 364 kW serta photovoltaic berkapasitas 41,54 kW dengan jumlah modul sebanyak 124 modul. Sistem pembangkit listrik tenaga hybrid ini mampu menurunkan Net Present Cost sebesar $ 94.033 jika dibandingkan dengan sistem pembangkit listrik yang hanya menggunakan diesel generator. Selain itu sistem pembangkit listrik tenaga hybrid diesel generator-photovoltaic dapat menghemat biaya pengeluaran untuk pembelian bahan bakar yaitu sebesar $ 162.194,-. Untuk cargo handling dan anchoring digunakan 1 unit diesel generator dengan kapasitas 144 kW. =========================================================================================================== To realize a sea transportation that have low-pollution, low-cost and fuel-efficient, will be planned a 1700 DWT tanker with an electric propulsion system. In this electric propulsion system, will be used three-phase induction motor as the main driver. The purpose of using electric propulsion is to reduce the fuel oil usage in diesel engine. To support it all, will be planned a hybrid power generation system diesel generator-photovoltaic in design 1700 DWT tanker ship with three phase induction motor drive. In addition to utilizing renewable energy like solar radiation that very much in Indonesia, it can also reduce the consumption of fuel oil in diesel generators. In the planning of a hybrid power generation system diesel generator-photovoltaic is required optimization to reduce initial cost of system and fuel cost. After optimization based on the simulation of planning and management of hybrid power generation system diesel generator-photovoltaic in design 1700 DWT tanker ship with three phase induction motor drive, obtained the most optimal system with the lowest Net Present Cost is $.20.295.247,-The hybrid power generation system are consists of 3 units of generator operate, 1 unit generator stand by with each capacity is 364 kW and photovoltaic capacity is 41.54 kW with the number of module are 124 modules. Hybrid power generation system is able to reduce the Net Present Cost is $ 94.033,- when compared with power generation systems that only use diesel generator. In addition, a hybrid diesel generator-photovoltaic generator system can save the cost of fuel is $ 162.194,-. For cargo handling and anchoring used 1 unit diesel generator with a capacity is 144 kW.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: optimizing, hybrid, diesel generator, photovoltaic, induction motor, tanker ship
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK1087 Photovoltaic power generation
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM773 Ship propulsion, Electric
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Marine Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Ali Mustofa
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2018 01:53
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2018 01:53
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/50107

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