Kajian Kelayakan Teknis Pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Gas Siklus Gabungan Dengan Clean Development Mechanism

Pambudyantho, Giri (2018) Kajian Kelayakan Teknis Pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Gas Siklus Gabungan Dengan Clean Development Mechanism. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Ratifikasi United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dan Protokol Kyoto oleh Pemerintah Indonesia melalui Undang- Undang Nomor 6 tahun 1994 dan Undang-Undang Nomor 17 tahun 2004 dalam upaya dunia mengatasi masalah perubahan iklim akibat pemanasan global. Dimana pemerintah telah berkomitmen untuk menurunkan emisi Gas Rumah Kaca (GRK) demi menjaga kenaikan suhu rata-rata bumi dibawah 2%. PT ABC adalah perusahaan swasta yang bergerak dalam bidang pengembangan kawasan industri terpadu dan penyediaan utility power mendukung dalam upaya pemerintah khususnya di sektor energi listrik yang bersih (clean energy) dan ramah lingkungan. Dimana pembangunan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Gas dan Uap (PLTGU) dengan menggunakan siklus gabungan (combine cycle power plant) berkapasitas 145MW menerapkan Mekanisme Pembangunan Bersih atau Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi reduksi yang diemisikan dari PLTGU selama implementasi Clean Development Mechanism Project (CDM) dan menghitung potensi jumlah CER yang bisa diperjualbelikan sebagai sumber pendanaan alternatif bagi pembangunan. Metode penelitian mengacu pada IPCC-GL-2006 untuk perhitungan beban emisi dan UN-FCCC metode AM0029 ver.03 untuk perhitungan penurunan emisi. Hasil analisa pembangkit dari aktivitas proyek mengeluarkan emisi baseline CO2 per tahun sebesar sebesar 793,944 tonCO2, dengan menaikkan efisiensi energi(with combine cycle) mampu menurunkan emisi CO2 yaitu rata-rata sebesar 327,443 tonCO2/tahun. Berdasarkan uji additionality dan analisa sensitivitas terhadap perubahan faktor-faktor yang terdapat pada cashflow proyek seperti perubahan prosentase besarnya modal,harga bahan bakar,biaya operasional dan perawatan,serta harga jual listrik,dapat diketahui bahwa aktivitas proyek tanpa CDM tetap menunjukkan indikator finansial proyek IRR kurang dari nilai IRR benchmark yaitu 11,13% (benchmark 12.75%), tetapi setelah pendapatan CER dimasukkan sebagi inflow dimana nilai IRR lebih besar dari nilai IRR benchmark yaitu 13.80%. Hal ini membuktikan bahwa akan layak secara finansial ketika adanya pendapatan dari penjualan CER. ============= Ratification of UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol by the Government of Indonesia trough Law Number 6/1994 and Law Number 17/2004 give the opportunity to Indonesia to participate with the world effort in solving the climate change problems caused by global warming. Indonesia has committed to reducing Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and keeping the earth's average temperature rise below 2%. PT ABC is a private company engaged in the development of integrated industrial areas and the provision of utility power support in government efforts, especially in the sector of clean energy and environmentally friendly. Where the construction of Combine Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant (PLTGU) with a capacity of 145MW as Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The study aims to evaluate the emissions emitted from the PLTGU during the implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism Project (CDM) and calculate the potential number of CERs that can be traded as an alternative source of funding for development. The research method refers to IPCC-GL-2006 for emission load calculation and UN-FCCC method AM0029 ver.03.1 for calculation of emission reduction. The results of the power plant analysis of the project activity released CO2 emissions annually by 793.944 ton CO2, by increasing the energy efficiency (with combine cycle) can reduce CO2 emissions, i.e. an average of 327,443 tonCO2 / year. Based on additionality test and sensitivity analysis on changes of factors in the project cashflow such as percentage change of capital, fuel price, operastional and maintenance cost, as well as power tariff, it can be seen that project activity without CDM still shows financial indicator of IRR project is less than value The benchmark IRR is 11.13% (12.75% as benchmark), but after the CER revenue is entered as an inflow where the IRR value is greater than the benchmark IRR value of 13.80%. This proves that it will be financially viable when there is an income from CER sales.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Combined Cycle power plant;CDM; Kelayakan Finansial
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG4529 Investment analysis
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ164 Power plants--Design and construction
Divisions: 61101-Magister Management Technology
Depositing User: Pambudyantho Giri
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2018 06:52
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2018 06:52
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/50568

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