Analisa Teknis Dan Ekonomis Pembangunan Galangan Kapal Pengangkut CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) Carrier

Wibowo, DImas Aldyanto (2018) Analisa Teknis Dan Ekonomis Pembangunan Galangan Kapal Pengangkut CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) Carrier. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

[img] Text
4113100032-Undergraduate Theses.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (9MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Penggunaan bahan bakar minyak yang telah lama menjadi sumber utama dalam sektor industri akan segera mengalami penurunan. Tidak stabilnya harga minyak, besarnya polusi yang ditimbulkan menjadi salah satu alasannya. Compressed Natural Gas vessel merupakan distribusi gas alam terkompresi dengan menggunakan kapal yang khusus mengangkut gas bertekanan tinggi didalam tangki-tangki bertekanan (High pressure tank) menawarkan alternatif baru bukan hanya di bidang industri oil and gas namun juga dibidang perkapalan. Pasar indonesia yang relatif besar dan juga sebagai salah satu negara penghasil gas alam serta banyaknya pulau-pulau yang belum bisa dihubungkan dengan pipeline menjadi alasan tersendiri mengapa PT.PLN (Perusahaan listrik negara) selaku perusahaan BUMN (Badan usaha milik negara) yang bertanggung jawab untuk kebutuhan listrik di seluruh Indonesia membeli kapal CNG (Compressed natural gas) carrier pertama di dunia. Program kelistrikan 35000 MW (Megawatt) dari PLN pun menawarkan alternatif pembangkit tenaga listrik yang memakai CNG sebagai bahan bakar utamanya. Didalam sistem distribusi CNG pun tidak memerlukan banyak fasilitas pendukung. Hal ini dikarenakan CNG Vessel menyimpan muatan gas dalam bentuk alaminya. CAPEX (Capital expenditure) terbesar untuk CNG project terletak pada kapal penggangkut CNG sehingga perencanaan yang matang sangat diperlukan. Pada tugas akhir ini telah didapatkan IRR untuk pembangunan galangan kapal pengankut CNG carrier adalah 12,49 % dengan payback period pada tahun ke 12 bulan ke 1. Sehingga pembangunan galangan kapal pengangkut CNG carrier layak dilakukan ============== The use of oil that has been main source of industrial sector will soon be decrease. The problem caused by unstability of oil prices and the amount of pollution generated. Compressed Natural Gas vessel is the distribution of gas using high pressure tank in vessel. Offer relative new ways not only in oil and gas but also in shipping industry. Indonesian large market and also as natural gas-producing countries. With many Indonesian island’s which cannot be connected by pipeline are the reasons why PT.PLN as the state electricity company bought the first CNG ship in the world. The 35,000 MW electricity program from PLN also offers an alternative power plant that uses CNG as its main fuel. In the CNG distribution system does not require many supporting facilities. This is because CNG Vessel stores gas load in its natural form. The largest CAPEX for CNG project is located on the CNG carrying vessel. Because of that careful planning is required. Therefore the development of CNG Carrier shipyard in Indonesia is done by taking into account the market aspect, and the feasibility of investment for the project. In this final project had been calculated the feasibility of investment in development of shipyard specifically for CNG ship (compressed natural gas) carrier. The internal rate of return of this shipyard is 12,09 % and payback period is in 12 th years and 1 month. Based on this result, development of shipyard specifically for cng ship (compressed natural gas) carrier is feasible

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: CNG, Natural Gas; CNG Carrier; Shipyard; Indonesian; Power Plant; Feasibility of Investment
Subjects: V Naval Science > V Naval Science (General)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM298.5 Shipbuilding industri. Shipyards
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Naval Architecture > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Wibowo Dimas Aldyanto
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2018 06:59
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2018 06:59
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51025

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item