Rancang Bangun Combined Active-Passive Solar Tracker Pada Mobile Based Photovoltaic Menggunakan Metode Kendali Fuzzy-PI

Rahman, Muchammad Faishal Defia (2018) Rancang Bangun Combined Active-Passive Solar Tracker Pada Mobile Based Photovoltaic Menggunakan Metode Kendali Fuzzy-PI. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Aplikasi sistem solar tracker merupakan salah satu solusi guna meningkatkan efisiensi dalam pemanfaatan photovoltaic (PV) sebagai pembangkit listrik tenaga surya. Prinsip kerja solar tracker adalah mengatur posisi photovoltaic menggunakan sistem kendali agar posisi bidang selalu berada tegak lurus menghadap matahari sehingga meghasilkan daya keluaran yang optimal. Sistem activepassive solar tracker bekerja berdasarkan kondisi sensor dalam membaca nilai masukan. Perbedaan keduanya terletak pada sensor yang digunakan. Active solar tracker menggunakan sensor LDR, sedangkan passive solar tracker menggunakan sensor CMPS10. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh performansi respon sistem yang handal. Hal ini ditunjukkan dari respon sistem terhadap sudut yaw diperoleh nilai rise time (tr) sebesar 5,612 s, delay time (td) sebesar 2,806, peak time (tp) sebesar 6,33 s, settling time (ts) sebesar 10,2 s, maximum overshoot(%) sebesar 0,045 dan error steady state (ess) sebesar 0,4. Dan untuk pengujian respon terhadap sudut pitch diperoleh nilai rise time (tr) sebesar 2,66 s, delay time (td) sebesar 1,33, peak time (tp) sebesar 3 s, settling time (ts) sebesar 5,25 s, maximum overshoot(%) sebesar 0,25 dan error steady state (ess) sebesar 0,28. Peningkatan efisiensi PV menggunkan sistem solar tracker dibandingkan terhadap PV fixed mampu mencapai 27,18% dengan selisih peningkatan daya sebesar 32,96 Wh. ================ The application of solar tracker system is one of the solutions to increasing efficiency in the utilization of photovoltaics (PV) as a solar power plant. The working principle of solar tracker is to adjust the position of the photovoltaic using a control system in order to the position of sphere is always perpendicular to the sun so that it produces an optimal output power. The active-passive solar tracker system works based on sensor conditions in reading input values. The difference both of them are in the sensor used. Active solar tracker using LDR sensor, while passive solar tracker using CMPS10 sensor. From this research obtained reliable performance of system response. This is shown from the system response to the yaw angle obtained by the rise time (tr) is 5.612 s, the delay time (td) is 2.806, the peak time (tp) is 6.33 s, the settling time (ts) is 10.2 s, maximum overshoot (%) is 0.045 and steady state (ess) error is 0.4. And for testing the response to the pitch angle obtained the value of rise time (tr) is 2.66 s, delay time (td) is 1.33, peak time (tp) is 3 s, settling time (ts) is 5.25 s, maximum overshoot (%) is 0.25 and steady state (ess) error is 0.28. Increased efficiency of PV using solar tracker system compared to fixed PV can reach 27,18% with difference of power increase equal to 32,96 Wh.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solar Tracker; Mobile Active-Passive Solar Tracker; Fuzzy PI Control
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA9.64 Fuzzy logic
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software > QA76.8 Microprocessor
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK1087 Photovoltaic power generation
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL521.3 Automatic Control
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Physics Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Rahman Muchammad Faishal Defia
Date Deposited: 02 May 2018 01:38
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 01:38
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51092

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