Telemetring Kebocoran Pipa Pada Distribusi Air Dengan Komunikasi Ethernet

Fadilah, Farrah (2018) Telemetring Kebocoran Pipa Pada Distribusi Air Dengan Komunikasi Ethernet. Diploma thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kebocoran pipa dapat menyebabkan kerugian finansial bagi pelanggan sistem distribusi air. Pada umumnya untuk mendeteksi lokasi kebocoran pipa pada jaringan distribusi air menggunakan metode manual, yakni dengan melihat genangan air di atas instalasi pipa yang terpasang ataupun dengan adanya pelaporan kebocoran pipa dari pelanggan. Maka dari itu pada Tugas Akhir ini dibuatlah prototype telemetering kebocoran pipa. Kebocoran dapat diketahui dengan menggunanakan metode perbandingan pengukuran debit air pada dua sensor water flowmeter. Metode ini menggunakan sensor water flowmeter yang ditempatkan sebelum dan setelah kebocoran. Kebocoran pipa disimulasikan dengan 2 kran air, ada 2 titik kebocoran, agar air yang terbuang dapat dialirkan pada sumber air (tandon) dan air dapat bersikulasi. Data yang didapat dari pembacaan sensor dikirim ke komputer menggunakan jaringan komunikasi Ethernet dan ditampilkan pada PC dengan software LabVIEW. Setelah dilakukan pengujian, hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa kedua sensor memiliki nilai selisih antara aliran air masuk dan aliran air keluar, menunjukkan adanya kebocoran. Hasilnya untuk mendeteksi kebocoran pipa berhasil dilakukan. Telemetering dengan metode perbandingan debit air pada sensor water flowmeter dapat mengetahui seberapa besar kebocoran debit air pada pipa, yaitu nilai selisih pembacaan sensor sebesar 24 L/hour dengan persentase kebocoran sebesar 6,9%. ================ Pipe leaks can cause financial losses for customers of water distribution systems. In general, to detect the location of pipeline leaks in the water distribution network using manual method, ie by looking at standing water on the installation of the pipe installed or with the reporting of leaking pipes from customers. Therefore in this Final Project prototype made telemetering leakage pipe. Leakage can be known by using the method of comparison of measurement of water debit on two water flowmeter sensors. This method uses water flowmeter sensors placed before and after leakage. The leakage of the pipe is simulated with 2 water faucets, there are 2 points of leakage, so that the wasted water can be drained on the water source (tandon) and the water can circulate. Data obtained from sensor readings are sent to the computer using an Ethernet communication network and displayed on a PC with LabVIEW software. After testing, the results show that both sensors have a difference value between inlet flow and outlet flow, indicating leakage. The result to detect pipeline leak successfully. Telemetering with the method of water discharge comparison on the water flowmeter sensor can find out how much leakage of water debit in the pipe, the value of sensor readout difference of 24 L / hour with leakage percentage of 6.9%.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Telemetering; Water Distribution System; Flowmeter; Pipe Leakage.
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD481 Water distribution systems
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5103.2 Wireless communication systems. Two way wireless communication
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7872 Electromagnetic Devices
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101 Telecommunication
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > Automation Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: Fadilah Farrah
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 03:28
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 03:28
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51132

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