Studi Ketahanan Masyarakat Pesisir Aceh Singkil Terhadap Bencana Tsunami

Puri, Teuku Sulthan (2016) Studi Ketahanan Masyarakat Pesisir Aceh Singkil Terhadap Bencana Tsunami. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

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Abstract

Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara yang memiliki aktivitas ketempatan yang cukup tinggi, dimana di beberapa wilayahnya memiliki potensi untuk terjadi bencana tsunami. Wilayah pesisir Aceh Singkil, yang langsung berhadapan dengan Samudera Hindia sangat rentan terhadap bahaya tsunami. Faktor penyebab utama banyaknya korban jiwa serta kerugian harta benda akibat tsunami adalah kurangnya pemahaman mengenai bencana tsunami. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan satu studi mengenai ketahanan masyarakat pesisir Aceh Singkil terhadap bencana tsunami. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengetahui kesiapan masyarakat pesisir Aceh Singkil dalam menghadapi bencana tsunami, serta memberikan rekomendasi yang dapat dilakukan untuk meningkatkan ketahanan masyarakat pesisir Aceh Singkil terhadap bencana tsunami. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode yang diadaptasi dari Coastal Community Resilience Guide (Panduan Ketahanan Masyarakat Pesisir) dari NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). Penulis meninjau elemenelemen penting dari ketahanan masyarakat pesisir melalui data-data yang langsung didapatkan di lapangan. Data tersebut didapatkan dari masyarakat lokal di pesisir Kecamatan Singkil dan Kecamatan Singkil Utara melalui kuesioner dan wawancara, berdasarkan elemen-elemen yang telah ditetapakan sebelumnya. Diketahui bahwa terdapat beberapa elemen ketahanan yang masih berada di bawah standar (3,00) dan membutuhkan perhatian khusus. Elemen tersebut adalah warning and evacuation (sistem peringatan dan evakuasi), dan emergency response (respons terhadap keadaan darurat), dengan nilai 2,57 dan 2,58. ========================================================================================================= Indonesia is know as a country with high seismicity, which in some regions has the potential of tsunami disaster. Coastal area of Aceh Singkil Regency, which are directly faces the Hindia Ocean are particularly vulnerable to tsunami hazards. Two main factors causing the loss of lives and properties caused by the tsunami are a lack of disaster understanding and preparedness in anticipation of the tsunami. With the previous-mentioned in mind, the study of the Aceh Singkil’s coastal community resilience to tsunami is particularly necessary. This research is conducted to examine the readiness of Aceh Singkil’s coastal community to the tsunami disaster. It also provide some recommendations that can be applied to improve the resilience of castal communities to tsunami at Aceh Singkil Regency. The research has been carried out using the method which is adapted from the Coastal Community Resilience Guide from NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). In more detail, the author reviews the essential elements of coastal community resilience through field data obtained. The field data were collected from coastal communities of Singkil District and North Singkil District through questionnaire and interview, based on predetermined resilience elements. It was found that some resilience elements are still below the standard (3.00) and requires special attention. Those elements are warning and evacuation, and emergency response, which have value of 2.57, and 2.58, respectively.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSKe 627.58 Pur s
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coastal engineering; Tsunami
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering > TC1680 Offshore structures
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Ocean Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2018 08:16
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2018 04:21
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51214

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