Tempat Aktivitas di Gang Kampung dan Modal Sosial Penghuninya Kasus: Kampung di Kota Surabaya

Andarita, Rolalisasi (2018) Tempat Aktivitas di Gang Kampung dan Modal Sosial Penghuninya Kasus: Kampung di Kota Surabaya. Doctoral thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Penghuni kampung beraktivitas tidak hanya di dalam rumah namun juga di gang. Gang merupakan jalur sirkulasi dan bertambah fungsi sebagai tempat aktivitas penghuni kampung. Gang merupakan bagian penting bagi kehidupan sosial kampung sebagai tempat menjalin hubungan sosial antar penghuni. Kehidupan sosial dan hubungan sosial penghuni merupakan kearifan lokal bagi kampung. Kearifan lokal adalah salah satu wujud modal sosial di Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menemukan mekanisme hubungan antara lingkungan binaan dan perilaku manusia dalam functional theory melalui gang kampung sebagai tempat aktivitas dan modal sosial penghuninya. Metoda penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan paradigma naturalistik yang bertumpu pada grounded theory. Penelitian dilakukan tanpa menetapkan gagasan awal agar fenomena obyek penelitian menentukan kategori data, serta teori dapat muncul dari pengolahan data tersebut. Kategori data disusun berdasarkan tujuan penelitian. Data diperoleh melalui mapping, fotografi, pengamatan perilaku, dan wawancara. Lokasi penelitian adalah tiga kampung di Kota Surabaya yaitu kampung aktif yang memperlihatkan kehidupan sehari-hari melalui beragam aktivitas di gang. Hasil penelitian di lapangan menunjukkan bahwa terbentuknya tempat aktivitas yang terjadi di gang kampung dipengaruhi oleh modal sosial yaitu norma (disepakati dan ditaati) dan mutual understanding para penghuni pada penggunaan gang untuk menunjang kehidupan sosial di kampung. Hasil penelitian ini memperkaya functional theory tentang definisi tempat aktivitas dalam ilmu arsitektur menjadi social place yaitu suatu tempat beraktivitas di gang yang dipengaruhi oleh modal sosial penghuninya dalam menjaga kehidupan sosial di kampung menjadi lebih baik. Kata kunci: gang, kampung, tempat aktivitas, modal sosial, Kota Surabaya ======================================================================================================================== Kampung’s inhabitant not only do their daily activities inside their houses but also in the kampung’s alley. It means that the alley becomes both a cannel for movement as well as other function a place for activities by the it’s inhabitants. Initially, an alley is important part for the social life in the kampung because it strengthened the relationship among kampung’s inhabitants. Social life and inhabitant’s relation are the local wisdom of kampung that is one of the form of social capital in Indonesia. The research objective is to find the relationship mechanism between built environment and human behavior in functional theory through understanding and exploring kampung’s alley as place for activities and inhabitant’s social capital. The research uses a qualitative methods with naturalistic paradigm based on grounded theory. This study was conducted without specifying an initial idea so that the phenomenon of the research object will determines the categories of, as well as the theory of data processing could arise. Categories of data are compiled based on the research objectives. Data were collected through mapping, photograph, behavioral observations, and interviews. The research locations are in three inhabited kampungs in Surabaya that show daily social life through various activities in the alley. The research result shows that kampung as place for inhabitants’ activities are affected by the social capital, consist of norm (agreed upon and adhered) and mutual understanding between the inhabitants in order to support the social life in the kampung. The result enriches functional theory on the definition of activity place in architecture that became a social place. It is a place for inhabitant’s activities according to their social capital in maintaining their social live. Kata kunci: alley, kampung, activities, place, social capital, Surabaya

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: RTA 711.5 Rol k
Uncontrolled Keywords: alley, kampung, activities, place, social capital, Surabaya
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Architechture > (S3) Doctoral
Depositing User: Andarita Rolalisasi
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 06:24
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 06:24
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51433

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