Pengaturan Kecepatan Pada Simulator Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle Menggunakan Metode PID - Linear Quadratic Regulator

Hamada, Fanniesha (2015) Pengaturan Kecepatan Pada Simulator Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle Menggunakan Metode PID - Linear Quadratic Regulator. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) merupakan suatu kendaraan dengan konsep ramah lingkungan dan hemat energi yang diharapkan menjadi salah satu alternatif menanggulangi efek rumah kaca dan krisis energi. HEV menggabungkan kinerja Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) atau mesin bakar dan motor listrik. Pada HEV dengan konfigurasi paralel, ICE dan motor listrik dapat bekerja bersama-sama. Pada Tugas Akhir ini digunakan Simulator Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). Simulator ini merepresentasikan kondisi nyata HEV namun dalam skala yang lebih kecil. Simulator ini terdiri dari mesin bakar 2 tak sebagai penggerak utama, motor DC sebagai penggerak pembantu, dan beban berupa rem magnetik arus eddy. Ketika terjadi permasalahan regulator akibat pembebanan lebih pada kendaraan, kecepatan putar pada ICE menurun sehingga kecepatan HEV tidak sesuai dengan output yang diharapkan. Oleh karena itu, dibutuhkan suatu kontroler untuk melakukan pengaturan kerja dari motor listrik agar bekerja sesuai dengan kebutuhan yang diinginkan. Kontroler PID – Linear Quadratic Regulator (PID-LQR) digunakan untuk memperbaiki performansi kerja HEV agar mampu membantu ICE mencapai kecepatan putar yang seharusnya. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian secara simulasi didapatkan motor DC menggunakan kontroler PID-LQR mampu membantu kinerja ICE sehingga dapat mengembalikan respon sistem menuju nilai steady state ketika terjadi pembebanan berlebih pada rentang arus beban rem nominal 0.56-1.14 A. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian secara implementasi, motor DC dapat membantu kinerja ICE, namun masih terdapat error steady state. ========================================================================================================= Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is a vehicle with the concept of environmentally friendly and energy saving which is expected to be an alternative to combat the greenhouse effect and energy crisis. HEV combines the performance of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and electric motor. In the parallel HEV configuration, ICE and electric motor can work together. Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle simulator is used in this final project. This simulator represents real condition of HEV but in a smaller scale. This simulator consist of a stroke-2 combustion engine as the prime mover, DC motor as an assist mover, and the load of magnetic eddy current brake. When there is excessive load on a vehicle called regulator problem, the rotational speed decreases so that the rotational speed of HEV doesn’t match with the expected output. Therefore, a controller is needed for working arrangement of the electric motor according to the desired needs. PID – Linear Quadratic Regulator Controller (PID-LQR) is used to improve work performance of HEV in order to assist the combustion engine to achieve an appropriate rotating speed. Based on simulation testing result, DC motor with PID-LQR controler can help the performance of ICE so that it can restore the system response towards steady state value at excessive load in the range of 0,56-1,14 A of nominal load current brake. Based on implementation testing result, DC motor can assist the combustion engine, however there’s still have an error steady state.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSE 629.229 3 Ham p
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hybrid Electric Vehicle, ICE, Motor Listrik, Motor DC, PID-LQR
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ223 PID controllers
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Electrical Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2018 04:41
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 03:03
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51713

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