Modification of Pet Surfaces with End-functionalized Polymers Prepared from Raft Agents to Achieve Antibacterial Properties = Modifikasi Permukaan Pet Dengan Polimer-Polimer Fungsional dari Agen Raft untuk Mencapai Sifat Antibakteri

Amora, Saldhyna Di (2015) Modification of Pet Surfaces with End-functionalized Polymers Prepared from Raft Agents to Achieve Antibacterial Properties = Modifikasi Permukaan Pet Dengan Polimer-Polimer Fungsional dari Agen Raft untuk Mencapai Sifat Antibakteri. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Modification of PET surfaces with end-functionalized polymers prepared from RAFT polymerization were investigated. Preliminary polymerizations of styrene were prepared to establish the comparison of conventional free radical polymerizations (CFRP) and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerizations. Three types of RAFT agents (4-cyano-4­(phenylcarbonothioylthio) pentanoic acid (1), 2-cyano-2-propyl dodecyl trithiocarbonate (2), and 2-cyano-2-propyl benzodithioate (3)) that could obtain the highest conversion of monomers were investigated in the preliminary polymerizations. Controlled transfer agent (CTA) from trithiocarbonate groups were chosen to be synthesized then functionalized with succinimide groups. Monomers of styrene (St), N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA), and 2-lactobionamidoethyl methacrylate (LAMA) were polymerized by RAFT polymerization technique using succinimide-CTA (Suc-CTA) as RAFT agent. The controlled molar masses and narrow polydispersities of end-functionalized polymers were characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). PET surfaces were aminolized first by polyethylenimine (PEI) and 1,6-diaminohexane before grafting process. The amine functions on PET surfaces were characterized by contact angle measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Decreasing of contact angle between aminolized PET surfaces and a droplet of water occured (from Oref = 64° to O = 48°). Then grafting of PS and poly-LAMA as end-functionalized polymers on aminolized PET surfaces were prepared by “grafting-to” technique. The change of surface properties after grafting process was characterized by contact angle measurements. Grafting of PS on aminolized PET surfaces obtained the increasing of contact angle (O = 63°) because of their hydrophobic properties. In otherwise, grafting of poly-LAMA on aminolized PET surfaces obtained the decreasing of contact angle (O = 39°) because of their hydrophilic properties. ============================================================================================ Modifikasi permukaan PET dengan polimer-polimer fungsional dari polimerisasi RAFT telah diteliti sebelumnya. Polimerisasi awal menggunakan stirena telah diteliti untuk mengetahui perbandingan antara polimerisasi radikal bebas konvensional (CFRP) dan polimerassi transfer rantai adisi-fragmenasi secara reversible (RAFT) Tiga tipe dari agen RAFT diantaranya asam pentanoat (4­siano-4-fenilkarbonotioltio), 2-siano-2-propil dodesil tritiokarbonat, dan 2-siano­2-propil benzoditioat. Ketiga macam agen RAFT tersebut telah diuji coba pada polimerisasi awal dan bisa menghasilkan konversi tertinggi dari monomer-monomer. Agen transfer kontrol (CTA) dari golongan tritiokarbonat terpilih untuk disintesis kemudian difungsionalisasi dengan succinimide.. Monomer-monomer stirena, N,N-dimetilaminoetil metakrilat (DMAEMA) and 2­laktobionamidoetil metacrilat dipolimerisasi dengan teknik polimerisasi RAFT menggunakan succinimid-CTA sebagai agen RAFT. Massa molar terkontrol dan polidispersitas dar polimer-polimer fungsional dikarakterisasi menggunakan kromatografi ekslusi ukuran (SEC). Permukaan PET diaminolisis terlebih dahulu menggunakan polietilenimin (PEI) dan 1,6-diaminoheksana sebelum proses grafting. Gugus-gugus amin yang terdapat pada permukaan PET dikarakterisasi dengan pengukuran sudut kontak dan spektroskopi fotoelektron X-ray (XPS). Penurunan sudut kontak terjadi antara permukaan PET teraminolisis dan tetesan air (dari Oref = 64° ke O = 48°). Grafting PS dan poli-LAMA sebagai polimer-polimer fungsional pada permukaan PET teraminolisis dilakukan dengan teknik grafting-to. Perubahan sifat permukaan setelah proses grafting dikarakterisasi dengan pengukuran sudut kontak. Grafting PS pada permukaan PET teraminolisis menghasilkan peningkatan sudut kontak (O = 63°) karena sifat hidrofobik. Di sisi lain, grafting poli-LAMA pada permukaan PET teraminolisis menghasilkan penurunan sudut kontak (O = 39°) karena sifat hidrofilik.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTKi 547.280 Amo m
Uncontrolled Keywords: PET, RAFT polymerizations, Suc-CTA, polystyrene, poly-DMAEMA, poly-LAMA, grafting-to, polimerisasi RAFT, polistirena
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD251.2 Chemistry, Organic. Biochemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Polymerization
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1140 Polymers
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Chemistry > (S2) Master Theses
Depositing User: Eny Widiastuti -
Date Deposited: 24 May 2018 06:32
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 01:57
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51946

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