Studi Etnobotani Pemanfaatan Jenis-Jenis Tumbuhan Sebagai Obat Tradisional Oleh Masyarakat Tengger Di Desa Ngadisari, Kecamatan Sukapura, Kabupaten Probolinggo – Jawa Timur

Kurniawan, Erwin (2015) Studi Etnobotani Pemanfaatan Jenis-Jenis Tumbuhan Sebagai Obat Tradisional Oleh Masyarakat Tengger Di Desa Ngadisari, Kecamatan Sukapura, Kabupaten Probolinggo – Jawa Timur. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Technology Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pemanfaatan tumbuhan secara tradisional sebagai obat tradisional oleh masyarakat Tengger di Desa Ngadisari sudah berlangsung sejak lama. Hanya saja, saat ini pengetahuan tersebut belum terdokumentasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan tumbuhan sebagai obat tradisional oleh masyrakat tengger di Desa Ngadisari, Kecamatan Sukapura, Kabupaten Probolinggo. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode wawancara secara semi-structured dan structured dengan responden, serta metode dokumentasi dan herbarium kering. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah Spesies Use Value (SUV), Family Use Value (FUV), Plant Part Use (PPU) dan Fidelity Level (FL). Hasil penelitian teridentifikasi 30 spesies dari 18 famili yang dimanfaatkan sebagai obat tradisional untuk mengobati 20 jenis penyakit yang dikelompokkan dalam 7 kategori penyakit. Spesies tanaman yang memiliki SUV paling tinggi yaitu Foeniculum vulgare Mill (1.01), untuk FUV paling tinggi diperoleh famili Aspholdelceae (0.86) dan presentase FL tertinggi dimiliki spesies Apium graveolens (76.92%). Sebagian besar organ tumbuhan (PPU) yang digunakan sebagian bahan obat tradisional adalah daun (52%) dan pengolahan dilakukan dengan cara direbus. =================================================================================================== Utilization of plant as traditional medicine by people of Tengger has been in practice for a long period of time. But, until recently those wisdom has not been documented. This research aims to understand utilization of plant as traditional medicine by people of Tengger in Ngadisari village, Sukapura District, Probolinggo Regency. Data was obtained by semi-structured and structured interview to respondents who understood and used plants as medicine. Obtained herbs were identified by documentation and dry herbarium method, and also refer to some reference literatures. Observed parameters in this observation are Species Use Value (SUV), Family Use Value (FUV), Plant Part Use (PPU) and Fidelity Level (FL). Observation result identified that 30 species from 18 families utilized as traditional medicine to cure 20 types of diseases which can be clustered into 7 disease categories. Plant species with highest SUV is Foeniculum vulgare Mill (1.01), while highest FUV obtained by family of Aspholdelceae (0.86) and highest FL percentage obtained by Apium graveolens (76.92%). Most of the plant part used (PPU) as traditional medicine is the leave (52%) and preparation process done by boiling.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSBi 581.63 Kur s
Uncontrolled Keywords: etnobotani, masyarakat tengger, obat tradisional
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > QK710 Plant physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Biology > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2018 02:30
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2018 04:28
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51989

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