Kinerja Bahan Bakar Cair Daro Limbah Plastik Polipropilena Dan Ko-Reaktan Biodiesel Minyak Biji Nyamplung (Calopyllum Inopyllum) Pada Mesin Gasolin Dengan Aditif Metil Tersier Butil Eter

Amrullah, Ahmad Ashhabul Yamin (2018) Kinerja Bahan Bakar Cair Daro Limbah Plastik Polipropilena Dan Ko-Reaktan Biodiesel Minyak Biji Nyamplung (Calopyllum Inopyllum) Pada Mesin Gasolin Dengan Aditif Metil Tersier Butil Eter. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Bahan bakar cair dari limbah plastik polipropilena dengan ko-reaktan biodiesel dari minyak nyamplung (Calophyllum Inophylum) dengan konversi katalitik telah berhasil dilakukan. Variasi feedstock yang digunakan dari plastik 100 % hingga 40 % dengan volume total 300 mL. Katalis Al-MCM-41 : Keramik (7:3) dikarakterisasi dengan XRD, SEM, Piridin-FTIR dan Adsorpsi-Desorpsi N2. Penambahan jumlah ko-reaktan mampu mempengaruhi % yield dan karakteristik fisik produk bahan bakar cair. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa % fraksi bensin (C7-C12) terbesar dihasilkan variasi feedstock 100 % polipropilen : 0 % biodiesel nyamplung (PN0) sebesar 93,92 %. Kinerja campuran bahan bakar cair (10 % (PN0) : 90 % (Premium), 2,45 % (MTBE); (CPN0)) memiliki efisiensi termal (BTE) pada pembebanan 2.090 watt sebesar 27,18 % dibanding Premium dan TCPN0 (tanpa MTBE). Bahan bakar CPN0 memiliki nilai kalor sebesar 18.098,44 kkal/kg, densitas 0,725 g/cm3 dan viskositas kinematik 0,262 cSt. Seluruh bahan bakar cair konversi katalitik dan campuran bahan bakar cair diproduksi memenuhi standar SNI 06-3506-1994. ========================================================================================================= Liquid fuels from polypropylen plastic waste and co-reactan biodiesel from nyamplung oil (Calophyllum Inophyllum) by catalytic convertion has been success produced. Variations feedstock of plastics used from 100% to 40% with a total volume of 300 mL. Catalyst Al-MCM-41: Ceramics (7:3) characterized by XRD, SEM, Pyridine-FTIR and Adsorption-Desorption N2. The amount of ko-reactan can effect % yield and physical characterize liquid fuels. The results showed that the largest percentage of gasoline (C7-C12) fraction produced variation of feedstock 100 % polypropylen : 0 % nyamplung biodiesel (PN0) of 93,92%. Performance liquid fuel blend (10 % (PN0) : 90 % (Premium), 2,45 % (MTBE), CPN0) have greatest thermal efficiency (BTE) in load 2.090 watt with value 27.18 % than Premium and TCPN0 (without MTBE). Liquid fuel (CPN0) result with heat value of 18.098,44 kcal/kg, density 0,725 g/cm3 and kinematic viscosity 0,262 cSt. All of liquid fuel from catalytic conversion and liquid fuel blends has been produced fulfill the SNI 06-3506-1994.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSKi 541.395 Amr k-1 3100018075494
Uncontrolled Keywords: Liquid fuels, Biodiesel C. Inophyllum, Polypropilene, Conversion Catalytic, Metyl Ters Butyl Ether
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD501 Catalysis. Catalysts.
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP343 Liquid and gaseous fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Chemistry > 47201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Ahmad Ashhabul Yamin Amrullah
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2020 22:01
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2020 22:01
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/52174

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