Co-composting Sampah Popok Sekali Pakai (Diapers) dengan Sampah Sayur Menggunakan Aerob Komposter

Simamora, Minar Saraswati (2018) Co-composting Sampah Popok Sekali Pakai (Diapers) dengan Sampah Sayur Menggunakan Aerob Komposter. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Popok bayi secara umum berupa kapas dan pulp yang merupakan senyawa polimer berupa selulosa memiliki rasio C/N sebesar 65,468. Popok bayi dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku kompos dengan cara dicampurkan dengan suatu bahan yang memiliki kadar nitrogen tinggi. Hal ini bertujuan guna meningkatkan rasio C/N supaya memenuhi rasio C/N pengomposan. Bahan yang ditambahkan berupa sampah sayur dan pupuk urea. Perlu juga penambahan suatu aktivator guna meningkatkan kadar mikroorganisme. Bioaktivator yang digunakan berupa EM4. Reaktor yang digunakan pada proses pengomposan sebesar 25 L. Perbandingan sampah popok dengan sampah sayur yang dianalisis yaitu 10:0; 7:3; 5:5; 3:7 dan 0:10. Penambahan EM4 tiap reaktor sebesar 10 mL. Penelitian diawali dengan karakterisasi sampel, perhitungan rasio C/N, pengujian analisis volatile solid. Setiap hari dilakukan suhu. Setiap 6 hari dilakukan analisis C-Organik, N-Total, kadar air, pH dan volatile solid. Sistem pengomposan dilakukan secara aerob. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan perbandingan komposisi optimum sampah popok dengan sampah sayur dalam pembentukan kompos yaitu 3:7. Selain itu, tidak adanya pengaruh penambahan EM4 terhadap pengomposan. =============== Baby diapers generally made from cotton and pulp which is polymer material in from of cellulose with 65,468 C/N ratios. Baby diapers can be used for the raw material of compost by mixing baby diapers with other material which have high content of nitrogen. It is intended to increase C/N ratio so it can fulfill C/N ratio for composting. Vegetable waste and urea fertilizer are also added. The bio-activator is also needed to add into the compost so it can raise the ratio of microorganism. The bio-activator used is EM4. Reactors which used in composting are 25 L. the comparison of analyzed diaper trash and vegetable waste are 10:0; 7:3; 5:5; 3:7 and 0:10. 10 mL EM4 is added into each reactor. The research starts with sample characterization, C/N ratio counting, and volatile solid analysis testing. Temperature measurement is done every day. The analysis of C-Organic, N-Total, moisture, pH and volatile solid is done once in six days. The system of composting is aerobic. The result of this research shows that the comparison of diaper trash optimum composition with vegetable waste in composting 3:7. Then, there is no effect of adding EM4 to composting.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSL 631.875 Sim c
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kompos, Sampah popok, Sampah sayur, EM4, Urea, Compost, Disposable diapers, Vegetable waste, EM4
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD789 Refuse and refuse disposal
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD796.5 Composting
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > 25201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Minar Simamora
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2019 05:06
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 05:06
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/53479

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