Perancangan Pembangkit Listrik Alternatif Menggunakan Overtopping Tapered Channel di Pantai Utara Kabupaten Sikka NTT Sebagai Upaya Pemenuhan Rasio Elektrifikasi di Indonesia Timur

Yahya Herlambang, Hilmi (2018) Perancangan Pembangkit Listrik Alternatif Menggunakan Overtopping Tapered Channel di Pantai Utara Kabupaten Sikka NTT Sebagai Upaya Pemenuhan Rasio Elektrifikasi di Indonesia Timur. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Gelombang laut merupakan energi alternatif yang bersih dan terbarukan serta memiliki potensi yang sangat besar untuk dapat dikonversikan menjadi energi listrik. Jika sepenuhnya dimanfaatkan, potensinya dapat memenuhi sekitar 40% kebutuhan listrik diseluruh dunia - ekuivalen dengan 800 pembangkit listrik tenaga nuklir. Sebagai Negara kepulauan, beberapa daerah akan sulit untuk dijangkau dan pastinya akan memiliki masalah berupa krisis kelistrikan, namun, jika melihat kondisi geografis di Indonesia yang dikelilingi laut, maka dapat dimanfaatkan salah 1 energi alternatif sebagai pembangkit listrik, yaitu gelombang. Pada skala kecil dengan kuantitas yang cukup tinggi, energi kinetik gelombang laut dapat dimanfaatkan untuk diubah menjadi energi potensial dengan menggunakan Overtopping Tapered Channel dimana pada daerah sekitar garis pantai akan dibuat saluran yang menyempit sehingga gelombang akan membawa air laut menuju reservoirpada ketinggian diatas permukaan air laut. Tujuannya adalah membuat air laut terkumpul pada suatu bendungan, lalu energi potensialnya dapat disalurkan menuju turbin untuk memutar generator dan membangkitkan listrik yang kemudian dapat disalurkan guna memenuhi kebutuhan listrik di masyarakat. ======================================================================================================= Ocean wave is an alternate, clean and renewable energy that possess tremendous amount of potential that is very convenient to be converted into electricity. When fully utilized, it is capable of fulfilling around 40% of electricity demand in the world – it is believed to be equivalent to that of 800 nuclear power plants. As an archipelago country, there are many smaller region than others that are having hard times accessing centralized electricity, thus, they are tend to have lacked in many living aspect than other regions. But then, if we are to look out the surrounding geography condition in Indonesia which is surrounded by the ocean, it is very suitable to harness the bane into a boon, and that is the ocean wave energy. On a small scale, but with enough quantity, ocean wave kinetic energy is potentially converted into other form of useful energy, which is electricity, using the Overtopping Tapered Channel as a collector, where an area around the coast will be built a tapered channel that grow smaller as it ascend into an open reservoir above sea level. Seawater will then collected in an elevated reservoir. The potential energy from head difference can be channeled into canals that has turbines to make a good use of a generator to generate electricity. The generated electricity can be distributed to fulfill the demand of power for common people.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSSP 627.32 Her p-1 3100018078118
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy Crysis, Ocean Wave, Alternative Energy, Kinetic Energy, Potential Energy.
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering > TC147 Ocean wave power.
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering > TC167 Dams, reservoirs
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Hilmi Yahya Herlambang
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2020 23:34
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2020 23:34
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/55944

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