Pengaruh Penggunaan Bahan Bakar Emulsi dari Limbah Plastik Jenis Polipropilen dengan Bahan Bakar High Speed Diesel (HSD) Terhadap Performa, Emisi dan Proses Pembakaran pada Mesin Diesel - The Effect of Emulsion Fuel from Polypropylene Plastic Waste with High Speed Diesel Fuel (HSD) on the Performance, Emissions and Combustion Process of Diesel Engine

Wijanarko, Rahmat (2019) Pengaruh Penggunaan Bahan Bakar Emulsi dari Limbah Plastik Jenis Polipropilen dengan Bahan Bakar High Speed Diesel (HSD) Terhadap Performa, Emisi dan Proses Pembakaran pada Mesin Diesel - The Effect of Emulsion Fuel from Polypropylene Plastic Waste with High Speed Diesel Fuel (HSD) on the Performance, Emissions and Combustion Process of Diesel Engine. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Dewasa ini plastik jenis polipropilen (PP) di Indonesia sangat sering digunakan. Permasalahan yang timbul dari plastik jenis ini adalah sampah yang dihasilkan. Penggunaan kembali sampah jenis ini juga masih sangat jarang. Diketahui bersama polipropilen sendiri berasal dari monomer propilena yang diperoleh dari pemurnian minyak bumi. Dengan mencampurkan sampah plastik polipropilen dalam bahan bakar solar dapat menjadi solusi penggunaan kembali sampah tersebut. Penelitian kali ini dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan 4 variasi bahan bakar yang berupa campuran antara polipropilen dan bahan bakar HSD (BP4), hasil emulsi antara BP4 dengan air (BE2), HSD wlingi, dan dexlite milik pertamina. Penelitian ini berbasis pada eksperimen untuk menganalisa dampak penggunaan 4 variasi bahan bakar tersebut terhadap performa, emisi dan proses pembakaran pada mesin diesel. Berdasarkan hasil dari analisa terhadap performa mesin diesel. Performa mesin diesel ini ditinjau dari SFOC, daya, dan torsi yang dihasilkan masing - masing bahan bakar. Hasil uji performa terbaik dalam penelitian ini secara berurutan adalah HSD Wlingi, dexlite milik pertamina, BP4, dan terakhir BE2. Untuk hasil proses pembakaran nilai ignition delay terendah dimiliki oleh HSD Wlingi sedangkan BE2 memiliki nilai tertinggi. Dari segi knock detection BE2 menghasilkan nilai yang paling tinggi. Kemudian BE2 masih menghasilkan emisi NOx dan CO yang lebih tinggi dibanding dexlite milik pertamina.==========================================================Today plastic polypropylene (PP) type in Indonesia is very often used. The problem that arises from this type of plastic is the waste produced. Reuse of this type of waste is also very rare. It is known that the polypropylene itself comes from propylene monomers obtained from refining petroleum. By mixing polypropylene plastic waste in diesel fuel can be a solution to reuse the waste. This study was conducted using 4 variations of fuel in the form of mixture between polypropylene and HSD (BP4) fuel, emulsion between BP4 with water (BE2), HSD wlingi, and pertamina dexlite. This research is based on experiments to analyze the impact of using these 4 variations of fuel on the performance, emissions and combustion processes in diesel engines. Based on the results of the analysis of diesel engine performance. Diesel engine performance is viewed from SFOC, power, and torque produced by each fuel. The best performance test results in this study in sequence are HSD Wlingi, dexlite owned by Pertamina, BP4, and finally BE2. For the results of the combustion process the lowest ignition delay value is owned by HSD Wlingi while BE2 has the highest value. In terms of BE2 knock detection produces the highest value. Then BE2 still produces higher NOx and CO emissions than dexlite pertamina.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSSP Wij p
Uncontrolled Keywords: performa, proses pembakaran, emisi, emulsi, polipropilen, performance, combustion process, emissions, emulsions, polypropylene
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM731 Marine Engines
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Rahmat Wijanarko
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2019 02:52
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2019 02:52
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/57971

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