Perencanaan Penyediaan Pengolahan Air Limbah Komunal Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus: Kelurahan Ngagel Rejo Kota Surabaya)

Nisaa’, Ainul Firdatun (2015) Perencanaan Penyediaan Pengolahan Air Limbah Komunal Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus: Kelurahan Ngagel Rejo Kota Surabaya). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Technology Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Air bersih dan sanitasi merupakan sasaran Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) yang ketujuh dan pada tahun 2015 diharapkan mencapai pengurangan setengah jumlah penduduk tanpa akses air bersih yang layak minum dan sanitasi dasar. Pada tahun 2030, melalui Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) dunia mencanangkan akses sanitasi yang layak secara keseluruhan. Statistik menunjukkan masih banyak rumah tangga yang belum memiliki jamban sehat. Warga mengalirkan grey water dan black water langsung menuju sungai yang lokasinya berada beberapa meter dari depan rumah. Salah satunya berada di kawasan Kelurahan Ngagel Rejo, Kecamatan Wonokromo, yang terletak di sepanjang Kali Sumo, Surabaya. Melalui program Sanitasi Berbasis Masyarakat (SANIMAS), warga RT 11 RW 7 Kelurahan Ngagel Rejo akan mengelola teknologi Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) sebagai Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL) komunal. Peletakan lokasi (IPAL) ditentukan melalui tiga alternatif jaringan perpipaan dengan membandingkan kemudahan akses jalan, aspek sosial dan finansial. Alternatif lokasi IPAL yang dipilih yaitu di bekas balai RT. Estimasi biaya untuk pembangunan IPAL dan SPAL sebesar Rp 345,000,000. Sedangkan untuk kegiatan Operasi dan Pemeliharaan (O&P) setiap KK perlu mengeluarkan biaya sebesar Rp 5,000 setiap minggunya. ==================================================================================================== Water and sanitation are the 7th targets of Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) and in the year 2015 to be expected halving people without access of appropriate water and basic sanitation. In 2030, through Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the world has declared an appropriate access of sanitation for all. Statistic shows that there are still many households that have not had an appropriate toilet. They draw black water and grey water off to the river located in front of house. One of the study case is a community living in Kelurahan Ngagel Rejo, Kecamatan Wonokromo, which is located along Kali Sumo, Surabaya. Through a program called Community Based Sanitation (SANIMAS), inhabitants will manage Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) as communal Waste Water Treatment Plant (IPAL). The location of the IPAL is specified by three alternatives communal sewerage by comparing ease of road access, social and financial aspect. The chosen alternative location of IPAL is an used Balai RT. Estimated cost to build communal sewerage is around Rp 345,000,000. Beside, every household should pays operation and maintenance fee for about Rp 5,000 each week.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSL 628.362 Nis p
Uncontrolled Keywords: ABR, jamban sehat, kesehatan, sanitasi, tangki septik
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD646 Sewage--Purification
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2018 07:21
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2018 07:21
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/59902

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