Struktur Ruang Kota Berkelanjutan Berbasis Distribusi Air Bersih Kota Malang

Hariyani, Septiana (2015) Struktur Ruang Kota Berkelanjutan Berbasis Distribusi Air Bersih Kota Malang. Doctoral thesis, Institut Technology Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Penelitian pada struktur ruang kota berkelanjutan pada tataran teoritis telah banyak dilakukan, demikian juga halnya dengan penelitian infrastruktur terutama distribusi air bersih. Penelitian terdahulu tentang struktur ruang kota membahas fungsi kota, guna lahan, bangunan, dan jaringan transportasi. Sementara penelitian tentang distribusi air bersih membahas sistem distribusi air bersih, aspek teknik, dan aspek sosial. Penelitian-penelitian terdahulu pada umumnya mengkaji struktur ruang kota dan distribusi air bersih secara terpisah, maka penelitian ini akan melihat keduanya dalam satu kajian. Pada tataran praktis penelitian ini akan berguna dalam proses perancangan struktur ruang kota yang berkaitan dengan distribusi air bersih. Berdasarkan alasan teoritis dan praktis tersebut, maka penelitian ini penting untuk dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk megisi celah teori dalam kerangka hubungan antara struktur ruang kota berkelanjutan dengan distribusi air bersih pada aspek elemen struktur ruang kota (yang mempengaruhi) sistem distribusi air bersih. Oleh karena itu pertanyaan penelitian yang berusaha dijawab adalah bentuk struktur ruang kota yang mampu menunjang distribusi air bersih? Tema yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini termasuk di bidang perancangan kota, dengan lingkup bahasan struktur ruang kota yang berhubungan dengan infrastruktur. Sedangkan payung paradigma penelitian lebih kearah rasionalistik. Metode analisis yang dilakukan menggunakan analisis kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Analisis Kualitatif dipergunakan untuk pemilihan wilayah studi dengan menggunakan analisis (1) tipologi morfologi ruang kota yang terdiri dari luas wilayah, struktur ruang, pola permukiman, pusat dan sub pusat, penggunaan lahan, sirkulasi, dan fungsi utama kawasan; (2) part of the whole; (3) dikotomi bentuk perkotaan planned dan unplanned. Metode kuantitatif dipergunakan untuk (1) Merumuskan struktur ruang Kota Malang ditinjau dari konsep keberlanjutan; (2) Merumuskan distribusi pelayanan air bersih Kota Malang yang berkaitan dengan Konsep Sustainable Infrastructure; (3) Merumuskan hubungan dan pengaruh antara struktur ruang kota berkelanjutan dengan distribusi air bersih dengan metode Principle Component Analysis dan Regresi Spatial, serta merumuskan pemikiran baru atau pengembangan teori mengenai struktur ruang kota berkelanjutan berbasis distribusi air bersih. Hasil penelitian terhadap Kota Malang didapatkan tingkat keberlanjutan struktur ruang kota dalam kategori sedang, tingkat keberlanjutan distribusi air bersih dalam kategori sedang, model matematis struktur ruang kota berkelanjutan tersusun dari part of the whole, konektivitas jaringan distribusi air bersih, kepadatan jaringan distribusi air bersih, dan sumber air bersih. Hasil penelitian berkontribusi dalam pengembangan teori struktur ruang kota berkelanjutan, teori pergerakan dalam sistem kota, teori kota berkelanjutan, serta metode (1) kuantifikasi penilaian struktur ruang kota berkelanjutan, juga (2) kuantifikasi penilaian distribusi air bersih dalam konsep keberlanjutan. ======================================================================================================= There were many researches on sustainable urban spatial structure including infrastructure especially water distribution. The previous researches on urban spatial structure discussed mainly about the function of the city, land uses, buildings, and transportation networks, while the researches on water distribution discussed about water distribution system, technical aspects, and social aspects. They commonly analyzed the urban spatial structure and the water distribution separately. Whereas the function of the city, land uses, building and transportation network is required to form urban spatial structure as well as other infrastructure such as water distribution. Therefore, this study aims to analyze these two different aspects in one frame. This research will be beneficial for the design process of urban spatial structure related to the water distribution. More over the research is important because it can bridge the gap between the theory and pratice in sustainable urban spatial structure and water distribution in terms of urban spatial structure’s elements affecting water distribution. The research question about the appropriate urban spatial structure for supporting water distribution was answered in this research. The topic of this research belongs to urban design focusing on urban spatial structure, particularly infrastructure. The umbrella of this research paradigm is rationalistic using quantitative and qualitative method. Qualitative method was used to select the area of the study using urban spatial structure morphological typology analysis consisting of area, urban spatial structure, settlement pattern, centers and sub-city centers, land use, circulation, and the main function of area; part of the whole, the dichotomy of planned and unplanned urban spatial structure. Quantitative method analysis was used to formulate Malang urban spatial structure in terms of sustainability; water distribution in Malang city in term of sustainable infrastructure; correlation and impact of urban spatial structure on water distribution sustainability. The last question was answered using principle components and spatial regression analysis. Eventually, the new concept or theory development of sustainable urban spatial structure based on water distribution was proposed. The result showed that the sustainability of urban spatial structure and water distribution in Malang city is moderate level. Furthermore, the mathematic model of sustainable urban spatial structure is formed by “a part of the whole”, water distribution, network connectivity, water distribution network density, and water sources. The result contributed to the theory development on sustainable urban spatial structure, the movement theory in urban system, theory of sustainable cities, urban sustainability indicators and their measurement unit, as well as (1) quantification of sustainable urban spatial structure assessment, and (2) quantification of sustainable water distribution assessment.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: RDA 711.4 Har s
Uncontrolled Keywords: Struktur Ruang Kota, Distribusi Air Bersih, Berkelanjutan, Principle Componen Analysis (PCA), Regresi Spatial
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT166 City Planning--Environmental aspects
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD481 Water distribution systems
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Architecture > (S3) PhD Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2018 07:23
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2018 07:23
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/59947

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