Desain fasilitas apung pengolah limbah minyak untuk kawasan pelabuhan Indonesia (PELINDO) III

Asfahani, Mochamad Mukhlis Zam Zam (2015) Desain fasilitas apung pengolah limbah minyak untuk kawasan pelabuhan Indonesia (PELINDO) III. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Saat ini, belum adanya fasilitas pengolahan limbah minyak di kawasan Pelabuhan Indonesia (PELINDO) III menyebabkan implementasi dari Konvensi Internasional MARPOL 73/78 masih belum terlaksana dengan baik. Salah satu faktor penyebabnya adalah tidak tersedianya lahan yang cukup dan layak untuk pengadaan fasilitas tersebut. Mengingat penanganan limbah minyak merupakan salah satu cara pencegahan pencemaran laut, dalam Tugas Akhir ini dilakukan desain fasilitas pengolahan limbah minyak dengan moda bangunan terapung berupa tongkang. Volume limbah yang akan diolah sebesar 1860 m³ yang berasal dari pelabuhan-pelabuhan di kawasan PELINDO III yang segaris dengan pulau Jawa. Ukuran utam tongkang didapatkan dari kebutuhan minimum area dek untuk tangki muatan yang berbentuk silinder horizontal. Adapun ukuran utama yang perlu diperhatikan adalah Loa, B, H, T. Selanjutnya dari data tersebut dilakukan proses optimasi yang meliputi perhitungan freeboard, trim, perbandingan displasmen, instact stability, dan estimasi biaya pembangunan badan kapal. Fungsi obyektif dari proses ini adalah meminimalkan structural cost tongkang. Dari proses tersebut didapatkan ukuran utama tongkang yang optimum adalah Loa = 75,93 m ; Lwl = 74,28 m ; B =18 m ; H = 4,37 m ; T = 2,74 m. =========================================================================================== Currently, the lack of oil waste treatment facilities in the region of Indonesia Port (PELINDO) III led to the implementation of the International Convention MARPOL 73/78 has not performing well yet. One of the contributing factors is the lack of sufficient and sustainable land for the procurement of such facilities. In fact, the handling of oil waste is one of the ways to prevent marine pollution, in this Final Project the oil waste treatment facility design is done by floating building mode in the form of barge. The volume of waste to be processed is 1860 m³ which derives from ports in the region of PELINDO III those are inline with Java Island. Main dimension of barge is obtained from the minimum requirement of deck area for cargo tank in form of cylindrical horizontal. Main dimension that need to be considered are the Loa, B, H, T. Furthermore, from these data optimization process is carried out which includes the calculation of freeboard, trim, displacement comparison, intact stability, and cost estimation. The objective function of this process is to minimize the structural cost of barge. From the process obtained the optimum main dimension of barge: Loa = 75.93 m; Lwl = 74.28 m; B = 18 m; H = 4.37 m; T = 2.74 m.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPe 623.829 Asf d
Uncontrolled Keywords: fasilitas apung; limbah minyak; PELINDO III; tongkang ===================================================================================== barge; floating facilities; oil waste; PELINDO III
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - Taufiq Rahmanu
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2018 03:33
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2018 03:33
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/60050

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