Desain Mobile Unit Instalasi Pengolahan Air Minum Untuk Kondisi Darurat Bencana Banjir Menggunakan Membran Mikrofiltrasi

Putra, Angie Prabhata (2015) Desain Mobile Unit Instalasi Pengolahan Air Minum Untuk Kondisi Darurat Bencana Banjir Menggunakan Membran Mikrofiltrasi. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Banjir dan kekeringan merupakan sebuah fenomena yang rutin dihadapi di berbagai daerah dengan kerugian yang tidak kecil contohnya di wilayah Jabodetabek pada bulan februari tahun 2007, banjir yang terjadi selama 5 hari mencapai kerugian sekitar 8,6 triliyun rupiah. Saat terjadi banjir pengungsi sangat sulit untuk mendapat air bersih maupun air minum, di karenakan sumur penduduk yang dipenuhi lumpur dan kotoran. Kesulitan dalam memperoleh air bersih maupun air minum pada saat maupun paska bencana banjir, berdampak pada timbulnya berbagai penyakit terkait air bersih yaitu seperti muntaber, diare dan gatal-gatal. Oleh karena itu diperlukan solusi atau penanggulangan masalah air bersih dan air siap minum baik saat maupun paska bencana banjir. Menurut buku Introduction to International Disaster Management (2007), disebutkan bahwa ada beberapa alternatif dalam penyediaan air bersih dan air siap minum pada saat kondisi banjir yaitu penyediaan air melalui tangki truk, atau dari tangki yang di datangkan dari luar daerah banjir, melakukan proses pengolahan air banjir itu sendiri untuk menghasilkan air bersih sebagai contoh menggunakan filter. Solusi dalam hal masalah ini adalah pengolahan air minum yang berbasis mobile water treatment. Dalam kaitan tentang masalah ini perlu adanya perencanaan tentang desain instalasi pengolahan air minum secara mobile untuk kondisi darurat bencana banjir. Dalam hal ini rencana desain atau DED (Detail Engineering Design) yang akan digunakan adalah mobile water treatment membran mikrofiltrasi, ii keuntungan dari menggunakan membran ini adalah dapat menyisihkan bakteri patogenik dan beberapa jenis virus. Pada perencanaan ini direncanakan unit-unit sebelum dan sesudah membran mikrofiltrasi agar kualitas air hasil pengolahan (effluent) memenuhi baku mutu air siap minum yang sesuai dengan PERMENKES RI No.492/MEN.KES/PER/IV/2010. Hasil dari perencanaan ini dapat di jadikan sebuah referensi atau saran untuk berbagai instansi pemerintah terkait seperti departemen Pekerjaan Umum (PU), Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM), dan Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). ========== Flood and drought is a regular phenomenon encountered in many areas with no small loss for example in the area of Jabodetabek in February 2007, the floods that occurred during the 5-day losses reached about 8.6 triliyun rupiah. At the time of the flood of refugees was very difficult to get clean water and drinking water, in karenakan wells residents filled with mud and debris. Difficulties in obtaining clean water and drinking water at the time of or after the devastating flood, the impact on the incidence of various diseases related to clean water, such as vomiting, diarrhea and itching. It is therefore necessary for tackling the problem solution or clean water and the water is ready to drink both times and post flood. According to the book, Introduction to International Disaster Management (2007), noted that there are few alternatives in the provision of clean water and ready to drink water during flood conditions, namely the provision of water through a tank truck, or from the tank in the outer areas from floods, flood water treatment process itself to produce clean water for example using filters. The solution to this problem is in terms of processing drinking water based mobile water treatment. In regard of this problem is need for planning design of drinking water treatment installation in mobile for emergency flood conditions. In this case the DED design or plan (Detailed Engineering Design) that will be used is a mobile water treatment membrane mikrofiltrasi, the advantage of using this membrane is able to set aside the bacteria pathogenic and some kind of virus. iv On the planning of this planned units before and after the mikrofiltrasi membrane to water quality processing results (effluent) raw water quality meets ready to drink in accordance with PERMENKES RI No. 492/DOWNLOAD.KES/PER/IV/2010. The results of this planning can be set as a reference or suggestion for various related government agencies such as the Department of public works (PU), Regional drinking water Company (PDAM), and the national disaster management Agency (BNPB).

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: air siap minum, air bersih, banjir, detail engineering design, mobile water treatment, mobile, drinking water, clean water, flood, detail engineering design of water treatment, mobile, mobile
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD259.2 Drinking water. Water quality
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD433 Water treatment plants
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > 25201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 07 May 2019 02:59
Last Modified: 07 May 2019 02:59
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/62936

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