Rancang bangun solar tracking system menggunakan kontrol PID pada sumbu azimuth

Santoso, Hariz Elvia (2014) Rancang bangun solar tracking system menggunakan kontrol PID pada sumbu azimuth. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Photovoltaic (PV) merupakan suatu device yang mampu merubah energi radiasi matahari menjadi energi listrik. Ada dua hal yang bisa dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kinerja photovoltaic, yaitu pengembangan teknologi material PV dan teknologi penjejak matahari. Pada penelitian ini, difokuskan pada usaha peningkatan performansi PV melalui mekanisme sistem penjejak matahari. Secara umum, sistem penjejak matahari digunakan untuk mendapatkan input radiasi matahari yang selalu maksimal melalui pengendalian posisi PV agar selalu mengikuti pergerakkan posisi matahari. Sistem yang dibangun terdiri atas dua bagian, yaitu subsistem mekanik (PV, motor, kerangka penjejak matahari dan gear) dan subsistem elektrik (sensor, voltage divider dan mikrokontroller). Metode kontrol yang dikembangkan pada sistem ini adalah berbasis PID, dimana parameter kontrol terbaik dicapai untuk Kp, Ki dan Kd, masingmasing adalah 40, 0.2, dan 2, dengan indeks performansi respon kontrol meliputi setling time 59.5 s dan overshoot 0.552 Volt. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan daya keluaran PV dengan solar tracking system sebesar 36.57% jika dibandingkan dengan fixed PV. ========== Photovoltaic (PV) is a device that able to transform solar radiation energy into electrical energy. There are two things you can do to improve the performance of photovoltaic,development of PV materials and solar tracking technology. In this study, focused on business performance improvement through the mechanism of PV solar tracking system. Generally, solar tracking system is used to get input of solar radiation that always maximized through controlling the position of the PV to following the movement of the sun. The system built consisting of two parts, namely the mechanical subsystem (PV, motors, solar tracking frame and gear) and electrical subsystems (sensors, voltage divider and microcontroller). Control methods developed in this system is based on the PID, which achieved the best control parameters for Kp, Ki and Kd, respectively are 40, 0.2, and 2, with index performance of the response control, like setling time 59.5 s and overshoot is 0552 Volt. The test results showing that increase in power output of PV with solar tracking system by 36.57% when compared with fixed PV

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSF 681.2 San r
Uncontrolled Keywords: Photovoltaic, Solar Tracking, PID, Single Axis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD9706.2 Measuring instruments
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ223 PID controllers
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Physics Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 14 May 2019 05:36
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 05:36
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/63021

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