Analisis Dampak Pendalaman Alur Pada Biaya Transportasi (Studi Kasus : Sungai Musi)

Shohibah, Wina Awallu (2014) Analisis Dampak Pendalaman Alur Pada Biaya Transportasi (Studi Kasus : Sungai Musi). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi kondisi alur pelayaran Sungai Musi yang semakin dangkal dengan pendangkalan mencapai 2-3 Juta meter kubik pertahun dan laju sedimentasi 0,6 meter per tahunnya. Hal tersebut berakibat pada penurunan kapasitas angkut kapal-kapal yang melewati alur pelayaran Sungai Musi sehingga berakibat semakin tingginya biaya transportasi dan unit cost dari muatan yang diangkut karena terkendala sarat alur pelayaran yang dangkal. Dengan menggunakan metode Analisis Biaya Manfaat bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak dari pendalaman alur Sungai Musi pada biaya transportasi Tugas akhir ini hanya menganalisis dampak pendalaman alur pada biaya transportasi untuk 3 (tiga) jenis muatan yaitu muatan curah cair, curah kering, dan peti kemas. Ketiga jenis muatan tersebut memiliki proporsi terbesar pada total cargo throughput. Analisis biaya manfaat dilakukan pada beberapa kondisi (skenario), yaitu antara lain membandingkan biaya transportasi eksisting dengan biaya transportasi setelah pendalaman alur baik dengan ataupun tanpa biaya alur (channel fee) juga kondisi ketika Sungai Musi tanpa mendapat perlakuan (ketika 5 tahun kedepan). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, pendalaman alur memberikan biaya manfaat berupa penurunan biaya (saving cost) sebesar 21% ketika tanpa biaya alur, dan 12% dengan biaya alur. Namun ketika pada kondisi dimana Sungai Musi tanpa mendapatkan perlakuan (ketika 5 tahun kedepan) mendapatkan defisit sebesar 9% dibandingkan dengan biaya transportasi eksisting (ketika 5 tahun kedepan). ========== This research motivated by Musi River ship lane silting which is reach 2-3 million cubic meters per year with sedimentation rate of 0.6 meters per year.This resulted decrease in transport capacity of the ships who passing through the Musi River ship lane with increasingly high transportation costs and the unit cost of the cargo to be shipped as constrained laden shallow shipping channel. In order to analyze the impact ship lane deepening of Musi River on transportation costs, this final project use approaching method Cost Benefit Analysis. This final project is simply to analyze the impact of deepening ship lane on transportation costs for three (3) types of cargoes they are liquid bulk cargo, dry bulk and containers. That types of cargo has the largest proportion of the total cargo throughput. Cost Benefit Analysis performed on several conditions (scenarios), among others to compare transportation cost between the existing condition (before deepening) and after the deepening ship lane with or without channel fee as well as the condition of the Musi River without getting treatment(when the next 5 years). The results of this final project show that deepening ship lane of Musi River provide cost benefits in the form of cost reduction (cost savings) by 21% when without channel fee, and 12% with channel fee. However,when the condition in which the Musi River without getting treatment (when 5years) get a deficit of 9% compared to the existing transportation costs (when the next 5 years).

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPe 387.51 Sho a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pendalaman alur, Biaya alur (channel fee), Biaya transportasi
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2019 08:46
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 08:46
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/63338

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