Kajian pengolahan sampah di TPST Mulyoagung Bersatu, Kecamatan Dau, Kabupaten Malang

Darmawan, Muhammad (2014) Kajian pengolahan sampah di TPST Mulyoagung Bersatu, Kecamatan Dau, Kabupaten Malang. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

TPST Mulyoagung Bersatu terletak di antara Kota Malang dan Kota Batu. Pada saat ini TPST tersebut telah melakukan pemilahan dan pengolahan sampah, serta menghasilkan kompos, sampah makanan untuk pakan ternak, dan sampah kering yang dijual ke rekanan. Sampah residu dibuang ke TPA. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan laju timbulan dan komposisi sampah yang diolah dan jenis produk yang dihasilkan, melakukan analisis finansial, serta melakukan proyeksi pelayanan TPST. Data yang dibutuhkan adalah timbulan sampah yang masuk, berat jenis sampah, komposisi sampah, tahap-tahap pengolahan sampah dan jenis hasil olahan yang dihasilkan, jumlah fasilitas pengolahan, jumlah dan jenis residu, serta jumlah SDM dan organisasi. Data penunjang lainnya yang dibutuhkan adalah kuantitas sampah yang diolah selama 3 tahun terakhir, produktivitas pengolahan sampah, serta daerah pelayanan TPST, serta peta dan keadaan topografi Kecamatan Dau. Pengambilan data timbulan sampah dilakukan selama 8 hari berturut-turut. Data tersebut akan digunakanu untuk mengkaji aspek teknis dan aspek finansial di TPST Mulyoagung Bersatu. Kuantitas volume sampah di TPST Mulyoagung Bersatu pada saat ini adalah 55 m3/hari, atau 11.86 ton/hari. Komposisi sampah yang masuk adalah: sampah basah (68.24%), sampah plastik (11.54%), sampah kertas (7.48%), diapers (7.08%), kayu (0.60%), kabel (0.07%), styrofoam (0.32%), sampah B3 (0.40%), kain/tekstil (1.53%), kaca (1.34%), karet (0.25%), kaleng (0.15%), logam (0.13%), dan kulit (0.05%). Pengolahan sampah menghasilkan produk berupa kompos (6.1 ton/hari), hasil pemilahan limbah nasi (1.8 ton/hari) dan sampah kering (2.4 ton/hari). Produk tersebut dijual ke rekanan setempat. Perhitungan kelayakan finansial dengan metode NPV menunjukkan nilai NPV <0, sehingga operasi TPST pada kondisi eksisting masih dikatakan belum layak. Proyeksi pelayanan TPST menunjukkan TPST dapat meningkatkan kapasitas pelayanannya pada tahun 2018 dengan kapasitas 72 m3/hari. =============================================================================================== Mulyoagung Bersatu is a solid waste (SW) recycling facility, which is located between Malang City and Batu City. At present, this facility has conducted residential SW sorting, composting, and providing food waste scraps for animal feed, and recyclable waste components for sale. The SW residue is disposed of to landfill. This study aims to measure the quantity and composition of the incoming SW, the types of products, to conduct the financial analysis of the waste treatment, and to develop the existing services. The required data were the amount of incoming SW, the density and composition of SW, the processing stages and the types of products, the number of processing facilities, the amount and type of residues, the number of staff, and the organization of the facility. The required supporting data were the incoming SW quantities during the last 3 years, the productivity, the service area, maps and topography of the Dau Sub-District. The incoming SW quantity data were measured in 8 consecutive days. These data were used for analyzing the technical and financial aspects in the study area. The incoming SW quantity was up to 55 m3/day, or 11.86 tons/day. Composition of the SW was as the following: biodegradable waste material (68.24%), plastics (11.54%), paper (7.48%), diapers (7.08%), woods (0.60%), cables (0.07%), styrofoam (0.32%), hazardous waste (0.40%), textiles (1.53%), glass (1.34%), rubber (0.25%), cans (0.15%), metals (0.13%), and leather (0.05%). The products consisted of compost (6.1 tons/day), sorted food waste (1.8 tons/day) and recyclable waste materials (2.4 tons/day). These products were sold to the local business partner. The financial analysis using NPV method showed NPV of lower than 0.This meant that the current recycling activity was not feasible to operate. This SW recycling facility showed an increasing number of capacity to be 72 m3/day in 2018.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSL 628.445 Dar k
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fasilitas pengolahan; permukimam; sampah
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD789 Refuse and refuse disposal
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environment Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - Taufiq Rahmanu
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2019 02:56
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2019 04:13
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/64086

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