Perencanaan pengelolaan sampah di objek wisata eks Pelabuhan Buleleng Kabupaten Buleleng

Wijaya, I Made Wahyu (2014) Perencanaan pengelolaan sampah di objek wisata eks Pelabuhan Buleleng Kabupaten Buleleng. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Rata-rata jumlah wisatawan di obyek wisata ini pada bulan Januari-Maret 2014 adalah 288 orang, 15% di antaranya wisatawan asing. Beberapa fasilitas penunjang berupa warung, restoran apung, balai serta wahana permainan anakanak telah dibangun. Pihak pengelola obyek wisata telah menyediakan fasilitas pengelolaan sampah, namun masih belum memadai. Terlebih-lebih daerah wisata ini mendapat sampah kiriman dari laut dan Sungai Buleleng. Tujuan perencanaan ini adalah menentukan timbulan dan komposisi sampah di obyek wisata Eks Pelabuhan Buleleng, merencanakan sistem pengelolaan sampah, serta menghitung biaya modal, operasional dan pemeliharaannya. Timbulan dan komposisi sampah dari fasilitas penunjang diukur dengan mengacu pada SNI 19-3964-1994. Pengambilan sampah di pesisir dan sungai dilakukan dengan metode transek. Perencanaan sistem pengelolaan sampah yang meliputi pewadahan, pengumpulan, dan TPS mengacu pada SNI 19-2454-2002, Buku Materi Bidang Sampah I 2013 Ditjen Cipta Karya Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum. Desain tempat sampah dibuat dengan mempertimbangkan pula nilai estetika guna mendukung aktifitas wisata. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan laju timbulan sampah rata-rata adalah 170,8 kg/hari atau 1,033 m3/hari. Kontribusi masing-masing sumber sampah adalah sebagai berikut: komersial 32,3%, taman 27,3%, kantor 0,88%, kiriman dari laut 27,13%, dan kiriman Sungai Buleleng 8,45%. Komposisi sampah terdiri atas: sisa makanan 14,4%, sampah taman 19,7%, plastik 29,8%, kertas 8,04%, kayu 4,61%, kain 2,21%, logam 0,36%, dan kulit 19,21%. Pewadahan sampah dibagi menjadi 2 jenis, yakni wadah sampah untuk sampah basah dan kering. Kebutuhan wadah sampah dari hasil perencanaan ini adalah sebagai berikut: 4 x 2 unit untuk restoran apung, dengan kapasitas 70 L untuk sampah basah dan 15 L untuk sampah kering, 2 kantong berkapasitas 20 L untuk sampah basah dan kering di setiap warung dan PKL, 4 x 2 unit untuk kantor dan fasilitas umum dengan kapasitas masing-masing 30 L untuk sampah basah dan kering, 7 x 2 unit untuk area taman dengan kapasitas masing-masing 60 L untuk sampah basah dan kering, 5 x 2 unit untuk sampah kiriman dari laut dengan kapasitas masing-masing 250 L untuk sampah basah dan kering, serta 2 x 2 unit untuk sampah dari sungai dengan kapasitas masing-masing 250 L untuk sampah basah dan kering. Gerobak pengumpul sampah dirancang dengan kapasitas 1120 L dan dilengkapi dengan sekat pemisah antara sampah basah dan kering. Kontainer sampah residu sebanyak 3 unit dengan kapasitas 660 L dan kontainer sampah daur ulang sebanyak 1 unit dengan kapasitas 900 L dan disekat menjadi 4 bagian disediakan di TPS. Selain itu disediakan pula 2 unit komposter angin berkapasitas 2,7 m3, sebuah mesin pencacah, serta screen untuk menyaring sampah di Sungai Buleleng. Estimasi biaya investasi penyediaan fasilitas pengelolaan sampah di daerah studi adalah Rp. 42,590,280,-, dengan biaya operasional Rp 10,872,000,-/bulan, dan biaya pemeliharaan sebesar Rp 4,150,000,-/tahun. ============================================================================================================= The average number of tourists in Eks Pelabuhan Buleleng beach resort from January to March 2014 was 288, 15% of those were foreigners. A number of supporting facilities, such as canteens, floating restaurants, a tourist hall and a playing ground have been built. These facilities generate solid waste (SW), which have not been managed properly. In addition, this recreation facility receives SW from the Buleleng River and the sea. The objectives of this study are to measure the SW generation and composition, to design SW management system, and to determine the capital, operation and maintenance costs of SW management activities in the study area. Measurements of SW generation and composition were done according to the national standards SNI 19-3964-1994. The SW samples from the beach and the river were collected using transect method. Design of solid waste management system, which included SW container provision, collection, transfer and treatment, was made according to the National Standards SNI 19-2454-2002, Municipal Solid Waste Management Guideline Book 1 of 2013 of the Directorate General of Cipta Karya. Artistic touch was considered in the design for supporting the tourism activities. Results of the research showed that the SW generation rate in the study area was 170.8 kg/day, or 1.033 m3/day. Contribution of each SW source was as the following: commercial 32.3%, garden 27.3%, office 0.88%, sea 27.13%, and Buleleng River 8.45%. The SW composition was food waste 14.4%, garden waste 19.7%, plastics 29.8%, paper 8.04%, wood 4.61%, textile 2.21%, metals 0.36%, leather 19.21%. The study area was designed to provide separated SW containers. The floating restaurant was facilitated with 4 containers of 70 L capacity for biodegradable SW, and 4 containers of 15 L capacity for recyclable SW. Each canteen was provided with 2x2 trash bags of 20 L capacity, each of which was for biodegradable and recyclable SW. Containers for office and public facilities were of 4 x 2 units of 30 L capacity for biodegradable and recyclable SW. The park area was facilitated 7 x 2 containers of 60 L capacity. SW from the sea would be contained in 5 x 2 containers of 250 L capacity, whereas 2 x 2 containers of 250 L capacity would be provided for placing the river SW. A handcart of 1120 capacity was designed for separated SW collection. One transfer station was planned with the provision of 3 containers with capacity 660 L for residual waste and 1 container with capacity 900L for recyclable waste, 2 units of 2,7 m3 composting facilities, and 1 unit of shredding machine. A screen would be installed for collecting the SW from the Buleleng river. Estimated costs for the provision of SW management facilities in the study area were as the following: investment Rp 42,590,280,-, operation Rp 10,872,000,-/month, and maintenance Rp 4,150,000,-/year.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSL 628.44 Wij p
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perencanaan; Pengelolaan sampah; Daerah wisata pantai
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD789 Refuse and refuse disposal
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - Taufiq Rahmanu
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2019 03:36
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2019 03:36
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/64091

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